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Abstract  

The effect of CuO on the thermal behaviour of Zr/KClO4 primer mixtures was studied by thermoanalytical techniques, and the Bruceton method and its related calculation. It was found that the CuO catalytically promoted the decomposition of Zr/KClO4 primer mixtures and shifted the exothermic peak of DSC curves to lower temperatures. In addition, the Zr/KClO4 primer mixture containing CuO had a significant effect on the firing characteristics of electro-explosive devices.

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Abstract  

Environmental characters have been established by tritium contents in well water, coastal seawater and reservoir water collected from various places around Taiwan island. Tritium concentrations of samples were detected by a liquid scintillation analyzer TRI-CARB-LSC 2550 TR mode, with a low level standard quench curve. After samples were concentrated by electrolysis, tritium concentration was detected in optimum conditions of LLLSA. An electrolytic enrichment technique was also developed with a eurrent density of 100 mA/cm2 and 0.4–0.6% (Na2O2) electrolyte in concentrated samples. Data observed show a lower tritium concentration for coastal seawater than for wells in the same area. The tritium concentration ratio of well and coastal seawater on the western side of Taiwan is 4.000 and on the eastern side 5.801. Tritium content of reservoir water is related to the logarithm of effective volume capacity.

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Abstract  

The effects of Al2O3 and SiO2 additives on the crystallization of calcium phosphate glasses were studied. When the Al2O3 content was higher than 7 mol%, surface devitrification occurred in the glasses. However, for glasses with Al2O3 contents higher than 10 mol%, bulk devitrification predominanted. For the glasses with SiO2, a surface devitrification mechanism predominanted. Non-isothermal DTA techniques were applied in order to establish the devitrification mechanism, and the kinetic parameters of crystal growth were obtained. The parameter m depends on the mechanism and morphology of devitrification of calcium phosphate, glass containing SiO2 as additive, the values of m being lower than 1.2. These results indicate that the devitrification is controlled by the reaction at the glass-crystal interface, or occurs from surface nuclei.

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Abstract  

The kinetics of the decomposition of Y, Ba and Cu oxalates and coprecipitanted Y-Ba-Cu oxalate was investigated under a nitrogen atmosphere on the basis of dynamic thermogravimetric data, the average activation energies of the decomposition of Y, Ba and Cu oxalates were obtained from the slopes of the T. Ozawa plot. The average activation energies for the dehydration of these oxalate and coprecipitated Y-Ba-Cu oxalate were also evaluated from the thermogravimetric curves.

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Abstract  

This study reports the analysis of Si in airborne particulate matter by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) as well as X-ray fluorescence (XRF). It was found that Si concentration in airborne particulates collected on PTFE-membrane filters could be accurately determined with a laser beam operated at 160 mJ free running mode, 6.5 mm defocusing distance and 0.8 l/min carrier gas flow rate during the LA-ICP-MS measurement. Standard filters prepared by NIST SRM 1648 urban particulates were used for both XRF and LA-ICP-MS not only to establish the calibration curves of Si, but also to examine the proposed method's effectiveness. The capability of applying both methods for natural sample analysis was also examined. Particulate loaded filter samples collected from a heavily polluted metropolitan area of Kaoshiung, Taiwan were initially measured by XRF, then by LA-ICP-MS. An intercomparison between them was thus performed. As a result, both XRF and LA-ICP-MS proved to be the valid analytical methods for directly determining Si concentrations in airborne particulates on PTFE membrane filters.

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Abstract  

Thermal decomposition of Zr/KClO4 priming compositions containing different concentration of additives, such as graphite, Fe2O3 and Al2O3 have been studied by DSC/TG techniques. The firing characteristics of these primer mixtures have also been examined by Bruceton test and by adiabatic calorimeter. The results of these experiments suggest that strong interaction has been occurred between KClO4 and Fe2O3 in the solid state.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Jinn-Shing Lee, Chung-King Hsu, Li-Kuo Lin, Chih-Long Chang, Shich Borjinn, and Chin-Wang Huang

Abstract  

Vitreous solder glasses, such as Mansol #40 and FEG-2002, are commercialized solder glasses, which are compression sealing glasses that can be used to solder materials with expansions between 55-68⊙10-7C-1, such as Al2O3. In order to understand and tailor the thermal behaviour of solder glasses, cylindrical-like glasses were first carefully ground with a stainless steel mortar and pestle. Initially, no exothermic or endothermic data were obtained from the DTA/DSC curves except those relating to melting. However, exothermic peaks appeared after the glass samples were re-melted. In this work, kinetic parameters such as the activation energy, and the morphology of the devitrification mechanisms for two kinds of solder glasses were also investigated, using non-isothermal DTA techniques. The activation energies ranged from 220 to 235 kJ mol-1 and the devitrification mechanism parameters were close to 1. This indicates that the devitrification mechanisms of the two kinds of solder glasses involve surface nuclei.

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