Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Colin F. Poole x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

The solvation parameter model has been used to characterize the retention properties of a varied group of solutes in silica gel thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and in silica gel and alumina column liquid chromatography. The model was unable to describe retention on silica gel TLC plates with the R M value as the dependent variable for five single-solvent mobile phases. The results were improved by fitting the retention data to the simple competition model and separating the solute and solvent contributions (denoted S and eºA S, respectively) to the free energy of adsorption on the inorganic oxide. Separate models were then constructed to enable estimation of values of S and A S from structure. These models were successful in describing retention in column liquid chromatography on silica gel with mixtures of methyl t-butyl ether and hexane as a mobile phase. This approach proved less reliable for calculating retention in TLC, probably because of non-equilibrium in the separation system. Evidence is presented that neither the solute adsorption parameter (S) nor the solute cross-section (A S) as used in these studies is unambiguously defined. Further refinements aimed at establishing clearly defined solute and solvent adsorption terms, and possibly including selective solute–solvent interactions in the mobile phase as a secondary contribution to retention, could result in improved model performance. The approach described here should be considered preliminary and thought of as a stepping stone in the direction towards a comprehensive model for structure-driven method development in normal-phase separations, which are currently less developed than models available for reversed-phase separations.

Restricted access

Room temperature ionic liquids are a new class of solvents of potential interest for liquid chromatography. Ionic liquids possess a combination of physical and solvation properties that are complementary to conventional organic solvents. Applications in liquid chromatography are currently limited by their unfavorable viscosity and low-wavelength absorption in the ultraviolet (UV) region. In addition, for planar chromatography, the absence of a vapor pressure does not allow evaporation of ionic liquid solvents after development. The room temperature ionic liquids are good solvents for nonionic compounds with a different blend of intermolecular interactions compared with conventional organic solvents as indicated by solvatochromic measurements and the system constants of the solvation parameter model. Current applications in column and planar chromatography are reviewed to demonstrate the potential of room temperature ionic liquids as mobile phases or mobile phase additives in separation science. A real breakthrough in their use, however, requires the identification of new room temperature ionic liquids with viscosity closer to those of conventional organic solvents as well as addressing other minor issues described in the text.

Restricted access