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  • Author or Editor: Crislene Morais x
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Abstract  

The mesoionic compounds are pentagonal heterocyclic betaines with their potential use mainly in the pharmacology field due to the diversity of their biological activities. Their exceptional electric properties lead the compounds to be investigated in the field such as the nonlinear optical devices. In this study, five mesoionic compounds of the 1,3-thiazole-5-thiolate system had been synthesized from amino acids derived from glycine through 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition/cycloreversion reaction. The compounds were characterized by the use of infrared spectrometry, thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry techniques. Thermal stability of each structure was determined and characterized by the kinetic study of the thermal decomposition by non-isothermal thermogravimetry. The DSC curves for MI-1, MI-2, MI-3, MI-4, and MI-5 demonstrated their fusion and subsequent decomposition with the exception of MI-3, which presented only decomposition stages. The kinetic models that better described the thermal decomposition mechanism of the mesoionic compounds achieved by the non-isothermal methods were R1, R2 and R3 (based on the geometric models).

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Barros, S. Prasad, V. Leite, A. Souza, G. Marino, Crislene Morais, and Marta Conceição

Abstract  

The present study was carried out for evaluating the retention behavior of sanitary sewage in relation to cadmium and cobalt ions in an ascendant continuous-flow reactor. It was found that the studied sludge presented a high assimilation of the metals, probably due to the presence of anionic groups, which favors adsorption and complexation processes. Thermal analyses of the samples showed a shift in the thermal decomposition of the ‘in natura’ sludge, when compared with those of the samples spiked with the metals, confirming the possibility of interactions between the heavy metals and the anionic groups present in the sludge.

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Abstract  

Isothermal decomposition kinetic of three lanthanide mixed complexes with the general formula of Ln(thd)3phen (where Ln=Nd3+, Sm3+ or Er3+, thd=2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanodione and phen=1,10-phenanthroline) has been studied in this work. The powders were characterized by their melting point, elemental analysis, FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetry. The isothermal TG curves have been recorded under the same conditions at 265–285, 265–285 and 250–270°C for Nd(thd)3phen, Sm(thd)3phen and Er(thd)3phen, respectively. The kinetic parameters, i.e. activation energy, reaction order and frequency factor were obtained through the technique of lineal regression using the relation g(α)=kt+g 0. The analysis was done at decomposed fractions between 0.10–0.90. The values of activation energy were: 114.10, 114.24 and 115.04 kJ mol–1 for the Nd(thd)3phen, Sm(thd)3phen and Er(thd)3phen complexes, respectively. The kinetic models that best described the isothermal decomposition reaction the complexes were R1 and R2. The values of activation energy suggests the following decreasing order of stability: Nd(thd)3phen<Sm(thd)3phen<Er(thd)3phen.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: E. Araújo, Renata Barbosa, Amanda Oliveira, Crislene Morais, T. deMélo, and A. Souza

Abstract  

Polyethylene/montmorillonite clay nanocomposites were obtained via direct melt intercalation. The clay was organically modified with four different types of quaternary ammonium salts. The objective of this work is to study the use of montmorillonite clay in the production of nanocomposites by means on rheological, mechanical and crystallization properties of nanocomposites and to compare to the properties of the matrix and PE/unmodified clay nanocomposites. In general, the tensile test showed that the yield strength and modulus of the nanocomposites are close to the pure PE. Apparently, the mixture with Dodigen salt seems to be more stable than the pure PE and PE/unmodified clay.

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Abstract  

The present study describes the aerobic biodegradation process of a mixture of sanitary sewage sludge and lubricating oil. TG/DTG curves confirmed that the applied aerobic biological treatment decreased the organic material content and caused significant modifications in the thermal behavior of the studied substrates after the functioning period.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Crislene Morais, C. Gameiro, P. Santa-Cruz, S. Alves Jr, L. Soledade, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The complexes of general formula Ln(btfa)3L, where Ln=Eu or Tb, btfa=4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1,3-butanedione, L=1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or 2,2-bipyridine (bipy), were synthesized by reacting the corresponding metal chloride with the proper β-diketone and the other ligand. The complexes were obtained in the powder form and were characterized by photoluminescence and TG. Their thermal decomposition was studied by non-isothermal thermogravimetric techniques. The Eu(btfa)3bipy complex presented the highest thermal stability and it melts before being decomposed. The complex Eu(btfa)3phen presented the largest activation energy for a heating rate of 5C min–1.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: E. Araújo, Renata Barbosa, Crislene Morais, L. Soledade, A. Souza, and Moema Vieira

Abstract  

Nanocomposites containing both polyethylene and montmorillonite clay organically modified with four different types of quaternary ammonium salts were obtained via direct melt intercalation. Thus, the main purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of the organoclay on the thermal stability of polyethylene. The organoclays were characterized by XRD, FTIR, DSC and TG. The polyethylene/organoclay nanocomposites were studied by XRD, TEM, TG, besides an evaluation of their mechanical properties. The results showed that the salts were incorporated by intercalation between the layers of the organoclay and, apparently that the nanocomposites were more thermally stable than pure polyethylene.

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