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  • Author or Editor: Cs. Szász x
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Abstract

A net zero-energy building (NZEB) is considered as a resident or commercial building where the energy needs are covered by using locally available renewable energy sources and technologies. Various types of heat pumps are widely used energy conversion systems for NZEB strategies implementation. This paper is focused on the development of a novel LabView-based model for an air-source heat pump system that absorbs heat from outside air and releases it inside the building as domestic hot water supply or room's space heating by using hot water-filled fan-coils. In the first research steps the mathematical background of the considered heat pump system has been developed. Then the LabView-based software implementation of the air-source heat pump and entire heating circuit model is unfolded and presented. The result is a versatile and powerful graphical software toolkit, suitable to simulate the complex heating, ventilation and air-conditioning processes in net-zero energy buildings and to perform energy balance performance evaluations. Beside the elaborated mathematical models, a concrete software implementation example and measurement data is provided in the paper. Last but not least, the proposed original model offers a feasible solution for future developments and research in NZEB applications modeling and simulation purposes.

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The paper presents an intelligent building (IB) development strategy emphasizing the locally available non-polluting renewable energy resources utilization. Considering the immense complexity of the topic, the implementation strategy of the main energy-flow processes is unfolded, using the net zero-energy building concept (NZEB). Noticeably, in the first research steps the mathematical background of the considered NZEB strategy has been developed and presented. Then careful LabView software-based simulations prove that the adopted strategy is feasible for implementation. The result of the above mentioned research efforts is a set of powerful and versatile software toolkits well suitable to model and simulate complex heating, ventilation and air-conditioning processes and to perform energy balance performance evaluations. Besides the elaborated mathematical models, concrete software implementation examples and measurement data also is provided in the paper. Finally, the proposed original models offer a feasible solution for future developments and research in NZEB applications modelling and simulation purposes.

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Reconfigurable electronics technology represents a challenging implementation paradigm of actual stage microelectronics. This paper presents the advantages of using hardware reconfigurable microelectronics technology in intelligent spaces development and implementation. An original approach is unfolded which emphasize the versatility of reconfigurable electronic circuit’s topology based configurations in a wide range of intelligent environment applications. The introduced theoretical approaches have been validated then by a real-time intelligent space implementation example. There have been exploited the huge re-routing abilities of reconfigurable electronics associated with its fine-grained operating behaviours. The final result of the theoretical and experimental research efforts is a well-fitted and practical solution for a wide range of intelligent space applications development and implementation.

Open access

In an attempt to devise a model which more closely imitates cellular biology a three-dimensional (3D) artificial organism model developed upon a two-layer coarse-fine-grid network model is proposed in this paper. The strength of this original approach is that it endeavors to capture the complexity of both the cellular networks as well as that of the biological cell itself, by implementing the internal biological phenomena of an organism into a 3D two different network topology hardware layer. In essence, this model not only keeps the full advantages of previously created 2D models that enable the implementation of similar self-replicating or selfrepairing abilities akin to those expressed by its cellular equivalents in nature, but there the inherent need of artificial cell structures to fulfill the entire role of a biological cell in the network is also expressed. Computer-aided simulation results prove that this kind of 3D coarse-fine-grid approach is well feasible physically therefore the model has been implemented into a computing platform made of custom reconfigurable Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) processors.

Open access

Abstract

As it is known, the immune system found in higher evolutional level biological organisms is a distributed and multilayered system that is robust and able to identify infectious pathogens, injury, diseases, or other harmful effects. Therefore, their properties and abilities — like self-healing or surviving — would be more advantageous in many mechatronic applications, where often are imposed robustness and also high reliability operation requirements. Founded by these observations, the paper is focused on modeling and simulation artificial embryonic structures, with the purpose to develop VLSI hardware architectures able to imitate cells or organism operation mode, with similar robustness like their biological equivalents from nature. Self-healing algorithms and artificial immune properties implementation is investigated and experimented on the developed models. The presented theoretical and simulation approaches were tested on a FPGA-based embryonic network architecture (embryonic machine), built with the purpose to implement on silicon fault-tolerant and surviving properties of living organisms.

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This paper deals with the most recent technology in wireless communication which is massive multiple input multiple output system. The paper studies the performance of massive multiple input multiple output uplink system over Rayleigh fading channel. The performance is measured in terms of spectral and energy efficiency using three schemes of linear detection, maximum-ratio-combining, zero forcing receiver, and minimum mean-square error receiver. The simulation results show that the spectral and energy efficiency increases with increasing the number of base station antennas. Also, the spectral and energy efficiency with minimum mean-square error receiver is better than that withzero forcing receiver, and the latter is better than that with maximum-ratio-combining. Furthermore, the energy efficiency decreases with increasing the spectral efficiency.

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The paper presents a fault-tolerant digital system design and development strategy for high reliability hardware architectures implementation. Starting from the general consideration that digital hardware systems play a key role in a large scale of control systems implementation, a triple modular redundancy (TMR) solution it is proposed for development. For this reason, the well-known 1 bit majority voter configuration has been extended and generalized to the full control bus of a digital control system. Computer simulations show that the proposed hardware solution fulfills in all the theoretical expectations and it can be used for experimental tests and implementation. The presented design solution and conclusions are well suited to generalization for a wide range of fault-tolerant digital systems development ranging from reliable and safety servo control applications up to high reliability parallel and distributed computing hardware architectures.

Open access

Abstract

As it is well known that due to the continuously decreasing trend of the alternative energy technologies and the increase in the costs of the traditional fossil fuels, the development of resident or commercial buildings with greatly reduced energy needs becomes a high ranked and more pressing scientific challenge. In topic with this technological and scientific provocation, the paper presents a LabView software-based building supervising and events monitor system designed and developed with the basic purpose to serve as support for net zero-energy control strategies implementation in intelligent buildings. Afterwards a brief presentation of the adopted intelligent building development strategy and the net zero-energy concept are presented and discussed. Once these theoretical aspects have been expressed and clarified, a multi-layer type implementation is unfolded, where the background layer is a building supervising and events monitor system. The main software development steps of this system are presented in details to prove the feasibility and reliability of the adopted implementation strategy.

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