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  • Author or Editor: Csaba Hetyey x
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The aim of the study was to establish normal reference echocardiographic values for three Hungarian dog breeds, and to determine the potential dependence of intracardiac parameters on body weight, age and gender. M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography were performed on 95 clinically healthy dogs including 45 Hungarian Vizslas, 28 Mudis and 22 Hungarian Greyhounds. Linear intracardiac measurements included interventricular septal thickness (IVS), left ventricular internal diameter (LVID), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPW) both in systole and diastole, as well as left atrial internal diameter (LAD), and aortic diameter (AOD) in early diastole. Fractional shortening (FS), end-diastolic and end-systolic left ventricular volumes (EDV and ESV), as well as LAD:AOD ratio were calculated from the linear parameters. Mean, range and standard deviation of measurements were calculated for each breed. Body weight positively correlated in all three breeds with all left ventricular dimensions, such as IVS d , IVS s , LVID d , LVIDD s , LVPW d and LVPW s parameters. LA values showed positive correlations to body weight in all three breeds. AOD and LA demonstrated a positive correlation with body weight in Hungarian Vizslas and Mudis, whilst the LAD:AOD ratio was related to body weight only in Mudis. Gender did not correlate with any of the measured echocardiographic parameters in any breeds. In Mudis, a positive correlation was found between the LAD:AOD ratio and age, as well as between the LAD:AOD ratio and E point to septal separation (EPSS).

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Zoltán Dudás-Györki, Boglárka Bende, Csaba Hetyey, Ferenc Manczur, Jenő Reiczigel and Károly Vörös

The aim of the present study was to verify the validity of two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) measurement technique in dogs with left atrial enlargement. Thirty-one dogs with clinically and echocardiographically proven cardiac diseases were randomly selected. The left atrial right-to-left diameter ( La r−l ) and the diameter of the left atrium just above the mitral annulus ( La ama ) as well as the ratio of left atrial to aortic diameter ( La/Ao ) were measured by 2DE. The La r−l / La ama ratio was independent of body weight (R 2 = 0.0006) and age (R 2 = 0.0012), respectively. A significant linear relationship was found between La ama and La/Ao (the ratio that expresses the severity of atrial enlargement): La ama = 1.2238 La/Ao + 1.1608 (R 2 = 021; P < 0.01). There was also a positive linear relationship between La r−l and La/Ao : La r−l = 1.6876 La/Ao + 1.2648 (R 2 = 0.27; P < 0.005). In our dogs with cardiac disease, the La r−l / La ama ratio showed no significant relation to the La/Ao index (R 2 = 0.028). Thus, La r−l / La ama proved to be independent of the severity of atrial enlargement. Based on the strong relationship stated in the equation between La ama and La r−l [ La r−l / La ama = 1.31159 (95% confidence interval)], La ama can also be used for the assessment of left atrial size even in dogs with cardiac disease.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Kinga Pápa, Ákos Máthé, Zsolt Abonyi-Tóth, Ágnes Sterczer, Roland Psáder, Csaba Hetyey, Péter Vajdovich and Károly Vörös

Medical records of 80 dogs diagnosed with acute pancreatitis during a 4-year period were evaluated regarding history, breed predilection, clinical signs and additional examination findings. Cases were selected if compatible clinical symptoms, increased serum activity of amylase or lipase and morphologic evidence of pancreatitis by ultrasonography, laparotomy or necropsy were all present. Like in other studies, neutered dogs had an increased risk of developing acute pancreatitis. Although breed predilection was consistent with earlier reports, some notable differences were also observed. Apart from Dachshunds, Poodles, Cocker Spaniels and Fox Terriers, the sled dogs (Laikas, Alaskan Malamutes) also demonstrated a higher risk for pancreatitis according to our results. Concurrent diseases occurred in 56 dogs (70%), diabetes mellitus (n = 29, 36%) being the most common. Clinical signs of acute pancreatitis were similar to those observed in other studies. The study group represented a dog population with severe acute pancreatitis, having a relatively high mortality rate (40%) compared to data of the literature. Breed, age, gender, neutering and body condition had no significant association with the outcome. Hypothermia (p = 0.0413) and metabolic acidosis (p = 0.0063) correlated significantly with poor prognosis and may serve as valuable markers for severity assessment in canine acute pancreatitis.

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