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  • Author or Editor: Csanád Bálint x
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A cikk annak a magyar kutatásban általánosan elterjed elméletnek a történeti, régészeti és numizmatikai alapjait veszi vizsgálat alá, amely szerint a középavar kor kezdete Kuber 670-680 körüli bevándorlásával áll kapcsolatban. Végkövetkeztetése szerint az adott történeti eseménynek az említett jelenségekkel való összekapcsolása nem állja meg a helyét.

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Gyula László’s theory, published in 1970, was virtually ignored and received with tacit dismissal by the Hungarian archaeological scholarship and international archaeological community was largely unaware of it. This paper aims to provide clarity for the latter research. Not a single element of the theory was accepted or was acceptable even at the time of its birth: distribution of the late Avar and the Conquest-era sites do not complement each other; István Kniezsa's map is highly discussed and is not suitable for proving that the eighth century Avars were Hungarians; Byzantine sources record the immigration of a military group and not of a people, who later moved on; the “Ugri Bjelii” mentioned in the Russian Primary Chronicle cannot be applicable to this immigration; the so-called of “griffin-tendril” population is about 30 years later as the supposed immigration; there was not a migration from the Káma region in the seventh century) connecting the “Uuangariorum marcha” with the “Onogurs” is highly uncertain; there is no trace of any immigration in the anthropological material of the Avar period.

Errare humanum est.

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Numerous finds, excavated from the probably isolated grave along the Lower Tisza, were taken to the Vojvođanski Muzej (Novi Sad, Serbia). The grave can be dated unambiguously to the second half of the 8th century. Drawing a parallel between the silver cup and the 8th-century dish of the Nagyszentmiklós treasure has a considerable significance both for the chronologic and cultural identification of the latter, and for the Avar-Age chronology of tendril decoration with punched background as well. Accordingly, this decoration had been around already in the 7th century, which is an equally important condition for the chronology of the late Avar Period, and especially for the research of the question of continuity between the middle and late periods.

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