From nanotechnology-based thermal insulation materials nano-ceramic thermal insulation coatings are generally considered to be the most critical because of contradictory technical data that could be founded in special literature. Complete agreement had not been already found about the mechanism how does their insulating effect take. In the Laboratory of Building Materials and Building Physics at Széchenyi István University (Győr, Hungary) several thermodynamic tests were made in order to find out thermodynamic process inside this material. Several building structures with different order of layers were tested with heat flow meter. Results showed that convective heat transfer coefficient cannot be taken account in usual way using this material as thermal insulation.
Among nanotechnology-based thermal insulation materials thermodynamic performance of nano-ceramic coatings generates intensive discussions. Complete agreement has not been found yet about the mechanism of their insulating effect. In the Laboratory of Building Materials and Building Physics at Széchenyi István University (Győr, Hungary) heat transfer resistance experiments have been performed in order to describe thermodynamic processes inside nano-ceramic coatings. Previous studies finding after new measurements conducted in 2016-2017 also supported the former assumption that in case of nano-ceramic coatings convective heat transfer coefficient might be taken into account in a different way. Results also showed that thermal insulating effect of nano-ceramic coatings could be caused by a relatively high surface heat transfer resistance.
Nowadays, there is an increasing demand on environmentally friendly materials, so the environmentally conscious architecture and the use of environmentally friendly materials have also become preferred. It is becoming increasingly important to turn from artificial materials to products made from renewable raw materials. The straw quilt, which is considered to be a new, innovative product on the Hungarian construction market, can provide an alternative for this need. The aim of this research was to investigate the material properties and possible uses of straw quilt thermal insulation. Laboratory tests were performed before the product was placed on the market. The results have shown that it has several advantageous properties that can make it competitive in the market of thermal insulation materials.
Cement replacement materials are commonly used in concrete technology. Several researchers have examined high-performance concrete after adding mineral admixtures to it, but further studies are still needed to provide the optimum dosage of these materials for instance fly ash and silica fume. This study compares three types of concrete and the mechanical properties (compressive strength, flexural strength, and splitting tensile) of these types at the age of 28 and 90 days. The test results designate that adding the mineral admixtures commonly affects the mechanical properties of all the tested types. However, silica fume is more operative than fly ash. Furthermore, adding the fly ash and silica fume in the same concrete type slightly improves the mechanical properties.