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A föníciai Sanchuniathóntól alig maradt fent valami, a vele foglalkozó bőséges szakirodalom a konkrétumok helyett inkább a körülötte lévő bizonytalanságok és feltevések miatt terjedelmes. Jelen tanulmány Sanchuniathón állítólagos föníciai kozmogóniáját vizsgálja meg. Lehetséges életrajzi adataira csak vázlatosan térek ki, és ott is csak a személye körüli legáltalánosabb bizonytalanságokra hívom fel a figyelmet.

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This paper examines the iconolographical origin of Johannes Sambucus’ emblem dedicated to Carlo Sigonio, which – according to its title – displays the difference between grammar, dialectics, rhetoric and history. I focus on the central female figure whose innocent nudity represents the truth and whose connection with the ideal historiography standing – balancing together with Dialectics and Rhetoric – on the head of the young virgin Grammar. The special relationship between History and naked truth also defines its symbolic connection with the costumes of the other two figures: Dialectics in rough working clothes and Rhetoric in her long luxury dress. Three symbolic animals also belong to the three female figures: a sphinx to Dialectics, a chimera to Rhetoric and a winged dog to History. Contextual examination of the emblem reveals the possible source of the strange winged dog symbol is Plutarch’s short story of Osiris and Isis. In addition, the paper draws attention to an ironic twist of History in connection with Carlo Sigonio that shows that its nudity is not always so innocent.

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Abstract

Although the name of Ferenc Hunyadi is known in Hungarian literary history mainly for his Hungarian-language historical song about the peril of Troy, there also exist more than five thousand lines of Latin poetry by him which have not been collected or published since the 16th century. Another eleven of his poems are known from a manuscript written by a Unitarian pastor in the early 17th century. A further, one-distich poem was recorded by István Szamosközy. The date of composition of his poems in manuscript can be placed roughly between the end of 1586 and 1599. In addition to these, there is also a manuscript kept in Oxford in which Hunyadi gives prescriptions for febrile diseases. As a starting point for further research, this paper summarises what is currently known about Hunyadi and his works.

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In our analysis we examine how the Internet use affects relations, and whether the network characteristics of people exert provable influences on the spread of Internet usage. The empirical basis of our longitudinal research is the three surveys done in the framework of the World Internet Project between 2001 and 2003.

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Absztrakt:

A tünetes koszorúér-betegség kezelésében ma is kiemelkedő szerepet játszanak a revascularisatiós műtétek (coronary artery bypass grafting – CABG). Az első beavatkozások elvégzése óta eltelt több mint ötven év alatt számos klinikai megfigyelés igazolja, hogy a koszorúér-áthidalásra az arteria mammaria interna (IMA) használható a legkedvezőbb eredménnyel. Az IMA szövettani struktúrája és élettani tulajdonságai ellenállóvá teszik az eret az érelmeszesedéssel szemben. Cikkünkben a Magyarországon IMA-graft felhasználásával elsőként végzett CABG-műtétről emlékezünk meg, egyúttal az IMA kedvező tulajdonságait az irodalomban eddig közölt leghosszabb (harmincöt éves) utánkövetéses coronarographia eredményeivel illusztráljuk. Az eset alátámaszthatja azt a feltételezést is, hogy a mammariagraft prosztaciklintermelése megvédi a kiáramlási pályát az atherosclerosis progressziójától. Ennek igazolására nagy esetszámú vizsgálat javasolható, amely sztentimplantációval hasonlítaná össze az IMA-graft feltételezhető védőhatását a kiáramlási pályán. A hosszú távú követés során a bal coronaria elülső leszálló ágának (LAD) sztentelését versus az arteria mammaria interna graftnak a felhelyezését követően a LAD kiáramlási pályájának alakulását kellene értékelni. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(9): 354–358.

Open access

The Performance of Local Health Provision Networks

The Case of the Hungarian Managed Care Organizations

Society and Economy
Authors:
Viktória Bodnár
,
Dávid Dankó
,
György Drótos
,
Norbert Kiss
,
Márk Molnár
, and
Éva Révész

Public management literature, using network theories, is basically directed at examining and explaining how policy networks work. Much less attention is paid to analyze local service provision networks. In our paper we explore how a network management model can be used to describe local health provision networks, how the performance of local networks is influenced by network characteristics, and how these local networks can be connected to policy networks. We use the framework created by Benson (1975; 1982) and “rediscovered” by Hudson (2004) to examine the case of Hungarian managed care organizations. We find that this model can be applied to examine the perform­ance of local service provision networks as well as the policy level factors behind them.

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Lopakodó vékonybél-perforatio: sebészi csapda

Furtive small bowel perforation after blunt abdominal trauma

Magyar Sebészet
Authors:
Adriána Kremser
,
Dávid Németh
,
Attila Oláh
, and
F. Tamás Molnár

Tompa hasi traumát követően, körülbelül öt órával később kialakult vékonybél-perforatio esetét közöljük. A ritka kórkép felismerése nehéz, biztos támpont nincs, a tervezett ellenőrző vizsgálatok segíthetnek. A kórlefolyás rejtett klinikuma elsősorban igazságügyi orvostani szempontból érdemel figyelmet.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Dávid Pilecky
,
Gábor Szudi
,
Enikő Kovács
,
Zsigmond Jenei
,
László Gellér
,
Krisztina Heltai
,
Levente Molnár
,
György Bárczi
,
Dávid Becker
,
Béla Merkely
, and
Endre Zima

Absztrakt

Az enyhe terápiás hypothermia az utóbbi évtizedben elfogadott és elterjedt intenzív terápiás módszerré vált a hirtelen szívhalált elszenvedett és sikeresen resuscitált betegek kezelésében. Bár a rendelkezésre álló evidenciák alapján a terápiás hypothermia a resuscitatiós irányelvek részét alkotja, terápiás alkalmazása számos ponton csupán tapasztalati tényekre alapszik. Különösen intenzív szakmai vita tárgyát képezi az ideális célhőmérséklet és a nem sokkolandó ritmussal feltalált betegek hűtésének kérdése. A hypothermia szinte az összes szervrendszer működését befolyásolja, ezért ezek ismerete elengedhetetlen a mellékhatások korai felismerésében és kezelésében. A szerzők célja, hogy a rendelkezésre álló vizsgálati eredmények és saját gyakorlati tapasztalataik alapján összegezzék a terápiás hypothermia klinikai szerepét a resuscitatión átesett betegek kezelésében. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(16), 611–617.

Open access
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Dávid Buják
,
Zoltán Szelényi
,
Ali Choukeir
,
Levente Kovács
,
Fruzsina Luca Kézér
,
Szabolcs Boldizsár
,
László Molnár
, and
Ottó Szenci

The authors monitored the postpartum period during the first seven weeks after calving at a Holstein-Friesian dairy farm in Hungary. Calvings occurred between 2013 and 2015 in three periods from June to November each year (n = 314). Data were collected from the farm record and ultrasonographic examinations were performed between 22 to 28 and 43 to 49 days in milk (DIM), respectively. The animals were followed until successful artificial insemination (AI), i.e. until becoming pregnant or until culling, but at most at 365 DIM. The prevalence of dystocia, twin calving, stillbirth rate and retained fetal membranes (RFM) was 23.2%, 3.8%, 3.5%, and 34.4%, respectively. Altogether 38.9% of the cows (n = 122) had bacterial complications of involution in the first 49 DIM. The prevalence of Grade 2 clinical (puerperal) metritis (CM) was 20.1% within 5 DIM, 10.5% between 6 to 10 DIM and 13.1% from 11 to 20 DIM, while 9.9% of the cows had clinical endometritis (CEM) between 21 and 28 DIM and 1.3% of the cows between 42 and 49 DIM, respectively. Pyometra was diagnosed in 1% of the cows between 21 and 28 DIM and 0.3% between 42 to 49 DIM, respectively. About 80% (80.6%) of the cows were inseminated at least once (n = 253). The success rate of the first AI was 26.9% (n = 68). Dystocia, twin calving, RFM, CM, CEM and cyclicity had no significant effect on the days between calving and first AI, however, according to the Kaplan-Meier analysis stillbirth significantly increased the number of days from calving to first AI (P = 0.039). According to the Kaplan- Meier analysis dystocia, twin calving, stillbirth, RFM, and cyclicity had no effect on the days open. In cows with CM developed within 5 DIM or with CEM diagnosed between 21 and 28 DIM the number of days open significantly decreased (P = 0.009 and P = 0.007, respectively), which confirms the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of uterine diseases. Similar surveys should be conducted to discover the risk factors for reproductive diseases in order to decrease the reproductive losses in dairy farms.

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Abstract

The Madaras brickyard section found at the northernmost fringe of the Backa loess plateau is one of the thickest and best-developed last glacial loess sequences of Central Europe. In the present work high-resolution magnetic susceptibility measurements (at 2 cm) were implemented on samples from the 10 m-section corresponding to a period between 29 and 11 KY cal b2K. One aim was to compare the findings with the ice core records of northern Greenland in order to establish a high-resolution paleoclimatic record for the last climatic cycle and with findings documented in other biotic and abiotic proxies so far. Our results revealed a strong variability of loess/paleosol formation during MIS 2. Millennial time-scale climatic events that characterize the North Atlantic during the last climatic cycle have been identified. From 29 ka up to the start of the LGM, the recorded MS values show a weak, negative correlation with the temperature proxy, and a weak positive correlation with the dust concentration of Greenland. A strong correlation was observed with the local paleotemperatures. Local climatic factors must have had a more prominent effect here on loess/paleosol development than the climate shifts over Greenland. During the LGM the same pattern is seen with a stronger correlation with the dust concentrations and a weaker correlation with the local temperature. Local climatic factors, plus dust accumulation, must have had a prominent influence on loess/paleosol development here. From the terminal part of the LGM a strong positive correlation of the MS values with the temperature proxy for Greenland accompanied by a strong negative correlation with the dust concentration values is observed. Correlation with local paleotemperatures is positive and moderate, strong. Here climate shifts over Greenland, as well as local endowments equally had an important role on the development of the MS signal.

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