Authors:D. Chowdhury, S. Saha, Sujit Pal and P.K. Mathur
The rare earth elements (REE), Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, Ho, Er and Tm have been determined by charged particle activation analysis using 40 MeV a-particles through radiochemical approach. The radiochemical separation of REE as a group has been carried out from the bulk matrix. It has been shown from the theoretical computation that the products obtained from (a,xn) reactions (x = 1, 2, 3) are more suitable compared to those from (a,pyn) reactions (y = 0, 1, 2) due to the former having higher cross section (of the order of thousand millibarns).
Authors:D. Chowdhury, J. Arunachalam, Rakesh Verma, Sujit Pal and S. Gangadharan
40 MeV -particles have been used to determine oxygen impurity at ppm levels in silicon, copper, and stainless steel, through the radiochemical separation of18F from the matrix. The separation of18F has been carried out by two techniques, viz.(1) distillation of H2SiF6 and (2) precipitation of KBF4 and some modification has been applied in the separation, depending on the nature of interferences from the matrix. Instrumental approach was also carried out to determine the oxygen impurity at 100 ppm in Si matrix because this approach is not possible in Cu and stainless steel samples due to matrix activity.
Authors:J. Datta, D. Chowdhury, R. Verma and A. Reddy
The intake of leafy vegetables in daily diet is very important to meet our nutritional needs. Vegetables provide the essential
elements which are necessary and recommended for human growth. However, due to rapid industrialization and urbanization our
environment becomes polluted and this affects the normal growth of agricultural products and composition of environmental
species. The elemental concentrations present in the environmental samples are good indicators to assess the toxicological
levels due to pollution affects. In the present work we have analysed several vegetable plant samples by instrumental neutron
activation analysis to determine the elemental concentrations at major, minor and trace levels. The leafy vegetables like
spinach, red leafy veagetable, pui, gourd leaf, lettuce and katoua were chosen as these are extensively consumed by local
peple in eastern part of India. We have determined 15 elements in the above mentioned vegetable samples and some of these
are essential elements and some are toxic elements. It was found that Na and K were present as major elements, Fe and Zn as
minor elements and As, Ce, Cr, Co, La, Mo, Rb, Sc, Sm, Sr as trace elements. The concentration level of Cr was found to be
higher than that of recommended value certified by WHO and National environment quality control for human consumption. The
validation of our analytical results have been performed by the Z-score tests through the determination of concentrations of the elements of interest in certified reference materials.
Authors:N. Molla, S. Hossain, S. Basunia, R. Miah, M. Rahman, D. Sikder and M. Chowdhury
The concentration of rare earths and other elements have been determined in the bed sediment samples of Karnafuli estuarine zone in the Bay of Bengal by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The samples and the standards soil-5, soil-7, coal fly ash and pond sediment were prepared and simultaneously irradiated for short and long time at the TRIGA Mark-II research reactor facility of Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka. The maximum themal neutron flux was of the order of 1013 n·cm–2·s–1. After irradiation the radioactivity of the product nuclides was measured by using a high resolution high purity germanium detector system. Analysis of -ray spectra and quantitative analysis of the elemental concentration were done via the software GANAAS, it has been possible to determine the concentration level of 27 elements including the rare earths La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy and Yb and uranium and thorium.