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  • Author or Editor: D. Hsu x
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Thioacetamide (TAA) is a potent hepatotoxicant in acute and chronic hepatic injury. The study examined the protective effect of sesame oil against TAA-induced hepatic injury in rats. Hepatic injury was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg of TAA for 24 h. Triple doses of sesame oil (1, 2, or 4 mL/kg) was given orally 0, 6, and 12 h after TAA treatment. TAA significantly increased serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Sesame oil decreased serum AST and ALT levels and significantly inhibited hepatic lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide levels compared with TAA-alone group. Further, sesame oil significantly inhibited TAA-induced hepatic neutrophil activation marker myeloperoxidase activity. However, sesame oil did not affect hepatic tumor necrosis factor, IL-1β and IL-10 generation in TAA-treated group. In conclusion, sesame oil protects against TAA-induced hepatic injury and oxidative stress via the inhibition of neutrophil activation. However, inflammatory cytokines may not be involved in sesame-oil-associated hepatic protection against TAA in rats.

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The beta-emitting radionuclide 137Cs is precipitated from the Savannah River Site (SRS) high-level waste by adding sodium tetraphenylborate (TPB). The concentrated and washed precipitate slurry containing CsTPB is transferred to Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) Salt Processing Cell and hydrolyzed to yield an aqueous product (PHA) free of benzene. The PHA is highly radioactive (1E+11 dpm) and contains some water-soluble organic compounds that need to be analyzed for process control and process history. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods were developed to analyze these compounds with instruments contained in unshielded fume hoods. Removing 137Cs from PHA in a shielded cell prior to HPLC analyses is essential to minimize personnel radiation exposure. In this study ammonium molybdophosphate (Bio-Rad AMP-1) was used for removing 137Cs in PHA (pH 3.8). With a two-step application of AMP slurry, a decontamination factor of 1E+4 was achieved for Cs removal. Two separate HPLC methods were used to analyze four polar organic compounds. The recovery of all the organic compounds were above 85%.

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Zinc (Zn) has the potential of regulating the action of thiazolidinedione (TZD), an anti-diabetic drug. Since some diabetic patients cannot achieve optimal glycemic control when receiving TZD, we investigated if Zn deficiency affects TZD’s efficacy in glucose metabolism. Diabetic mice were fed diets containing 3 or 30 mg/kg Zn for 6 weeks. Thereafter, all mice were oral gavaged with 2,4-thiazolidinedione. Our results showed that blood glucose values at fasting and during the glucose tolerance test were significantly higher in low-Zn mice than those of adequate-Zn mice. Thus, low Zn intake may attenuate TZD’s efficacy on reducing diabetic hyperglycemia.

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