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  • Author or Editor: D. Janke x
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Abstract  

Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) measurements have been carried out on Bi-Sn based amalgam precursors to be used in compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) to study the changes in melting and solidifying behaviour caused by In dopant. The phase and elemental compositions of the samples have been characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX), respectively. One of the endothermic peaks of the liquid amalgam formation shifted from 121°C to 112 and 105°C, with increasing content of 2.5 and 4.8 mass% In of samples, respectively.

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Abstract  

Thermal decomposition of precursor xerogels for TiO2, obtained by gelling of acetylacetonate-modified titanium(IV) tetraisopropoxide (prepared at Ti-alkoxide:acetylacetone molar ratios of 1:1 (Ti-1) and 1:2 (Ti-2)) in boiling 2-methoxyethanol, was monitored by simultaneous TG/DTA/EGA-MS and EGA-FTIR measurements. Thermal degradation processes of Ti-1 and Ti-2 in the temperature range of 30–700C consist of six mass loss steps, the total mass loss being 46.3% and 54.4%, respectively. EGA by FTIR and MS revealed release of H2O below 120C; followed by evolution of acetone and acetic acid between approximately 100 and 320C, and that of CO2 up to 560C. Acetylacetone is evolved to a significant extent from sample Ti-2 at 120–200C.

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