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Abstract  

A simple method for the on-line calibration, in which both the heat transfer coefficient and the heat capacity of the reactor contents are determined, is described for laboratory scale heat transfer calorimeters. The calorimeter is operated in the isoperibolic mode for the calibration and a constant power is supplied to a resistor placed inside the reactor. The reactor heat balance differential equation is used to produce a set of linear simultaneous equations with each data acquisition cycle giving one equation. The heat transfer coefficient and the heat capacity are obtained from this set of equations by linear least squares. The application of the calibration procedure is illustrated by experiments in which the heat of reaction is determined on-line fora simulated reaction with first order kinetics and for the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride.

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Abstract  

A small ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrometer which uses fibre optic coupled immersion probes has been incorporated into a laboratory scale reaction calorimeter. The combined instrument has been tried out using the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride as a test reaction. With the calorimeter operating in the isoperibolic mode good agreement is found for the pseudo-first order reaction rate constant as determined from spectroscopic and calorimetric measurements. Experiments have been made in order to follow the reaction indirectly using optical pH measurements with acid-base indicators. The possibility of determining the temperature dependence of the rate constant in a single experiment has also been investigated.

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