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Abstract  

The thermal stability of push-pull 5-substituted-4-oxothiazolidines was studied by DSC, IC and X-ray diffraction techniques. It was shown that the compounds are stable in the temperature range from room temperature to melting point. The melting is combined with breaking crystal structure and forming glass material as a new phase that forms crystals by cooling it very slowly. The rate constant, activation energy as well as activation parameters of process were determined.

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Abstract  

Fission-produced -emitting radionuclidic impurities in eluates obtained by elution of routine (n,f)99Mo/99mTc generators have been determined. Four radionuclidic impurities were identified and quantitatively measured by the method of -spectrometry. The distribution of103Ru,106Ru,125Sb and131I in the eluates was followed. The fraction of the activity which has been desorbed from alumina in the generator column during the lifetime of the generator was determined for earch radionuclide found. The contents of radionuclidic impurities in the eluates were compared with the criteria of radionuclidic purity prescribed by the Pharmacopoeia.

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Summary  

Radioactivity of water and sediments from the Danube river in its course through Serbia during 2001-2003 years has been tested by alpha- and gamma-ray spectrometry. Except for cesium originating from Chernobyl, the radioactivity level of water and sediment coincide with the content of natural radionuclides in the environment of rivers basin. No increase in the radioactivity of sediments, due to slowing down of the water flow, was observed. The obtained results were analyzed in accordance with the model which considers only naturally occurring radionuclides originating in river sediment. The distribution coefficients for natural radionuclides are determined.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
A. Rašić-Marković
,
D. Hrnčić
,
D. Djurić
,
D. Macut
,
H. Lončar-Stevanović
, and
Olivera Stanojlović

The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of ifenprodil and MK-801 on D,L-homocysteine thiolactone induced seizures in adult rats.Male Wistar rats were divided into following groups: 1. Saline-treated (C, n=10); 2. D,L-homocysteine thiolactone 8 mmol/kg, i.p. (H, n=7); 3. Ifenprodil 20 mg/kg i.p. (IF, n=8); 4. MK-801 0.5 mg/kg, i.p. (MK, n=8) and 5. Groups that received IF or MK 30 minutes prior to H (IFH, n=8 and MKH, n=8). Seizure behavior was assessed by incidence, latency, number and intensity of seizure episodes. Seizure severity was described by a descriptive scale with grades 0-4. Lethality in experimental group was recorded 90 min and 24 h upon D,L-homocysteine thiolactone administration.There were no behavioral signs of seizure activity in groups C, IF and MK.Pre-treatment with MK-801 (MKH) showed tendency to reduced incidence of convulsions, latency to the first seizure onset and the severity of seizure episodes, but statistical significance was not attained comparing to the H group. However, median number of seizure episodes was significantly decreased in MKH (p<0.05), comparing to the H group. On the other hand, ifenprodil (IFH) decreased the latency to the first seizure onset and increased the median number of seizure episodes (p<0.05). The majority of seizure episodes in IFH (72.1%, p<0.05) and MKH (73.1%, p<0.05) groups was grade 2 and significantly different comparing to the H (36.0%). Our findings suggest that MK-801 has a mild anticonvulsive effect on D,L-homocysteine thiolactone induced seizures in adult rats.

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Abstract  

A two-pack polyurethane coating was analyzed using thermoanalytical techniques. The curing reaction, monitored using pressure differential calorimetry (PDSC), rheometry and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) shows the temperature dependency of activation energy and hence rate of curing. In-situ ATR-FTIR shows the formation of urethane linkage over time. The decomposition behavior carried out under non-isothermal mode using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows bimodal behavior. The activation energies of the initial step (10% decomposition) from both iso and non-isothermal experiments are in very good agreement with each other. The use of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) shows the difference in glass transition behavior (T g) and elastic modulus (E') due to the different state of cure. Also the coating exhibits a very broad loss modulus peak (E'') indicating higher energy dissipation with deformation.

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of additional resistance training on cardiorespiratory endurance in young (15.8±0.8 yrs) male basketball players. Experimental group subjects (n=23) trained twice per week for 12 weeks using a variety of general free-weight and machine exercises designed for strength acquisition, beside ongoing regular basketball training program. Control group subject (n=23) participated only in basketball training program. Oxygen uptake (VO2max) and related gas exchange measures were determined continuously during maximal exercise test using an automated cardiopulmonary exercise system. Muscle power of the extensors and flexors was measured by a specific computerized tensiometer. Results from the experimental group (VO2max 51.6 ± 5.7 ml.min−1.kg−1 pre vs. 50.9±5.4 ml.min−1.kg−1 post resistance training) showed no change (p>0.05) in cardiorespiratory endurance, while muscle strength and power of main muscle groups increased significantly. These data demonstrate no negative cardiorespiratory performance effects on adding resistance training to ongoing regular training program in young athletes.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors:
K. Marković
,
I. Krbavčić
,
M. Krpan
,
D. Bicanic
, and
N. Vahčić

The lycopene content in pulp and peel of five fresh tomato cultivars, most common on Croatian market, was determined by spectrophotometry and the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Peels from the raw tomatoes contained more lycopene (expressed on a fresh basis) than the pulps: the ratio was 3.75±1.08 for spectrophotometric and 3.50±0.95 for HPLC measurements. Comparison of the results of lycopene content expressed on a dry weight basis revealed that the peel from raw tomato contains 1.74±0.36 times (spectrophotometry) more lycopene than the pulp as compared to a factor of 1.61±0.24 obtained by HPLC analysis. Fraction of the pulp in a whole tomato was found to vary between 89.9 and 95.2%, while that of tomato peel was between 4.9 and 10.1%. Nutritional habits in Croatia often include tomato-based food, all year around, prepared partlyof whole fresh tomatoes (including peel), partly of industrial tomato products (from which peel is often excluded). This study provides evidence that the peel of one of the most common varieties of tomatoes on Croatian market is richer in lycopene than the pulp and, moreover, that a diet including 100 g of raw tomatoes provides 1.35±0.29 mg lycopene from pulp as compared to 0.35±0.18 mg lycopene from tomato peel. In addition, results of this study will be useful in further attempts to quantify lycopene content of intact, whole tomatoes by means of the nondestructive, photoacoustic method.

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Abstract

Number of people over 65 years is continuously increasing and represents an ever growing proportion of population even in Hungary. Medical treatment of the elderly implies a massive burden for the healthcare system. Special knowledge is required to provide an appropriate medical care for the elderly. During the ageing process, several changes accumulate in the body and several chronic diseases develop. Function of parenchymal organs is impaired, healing process is slower, clinical manifestations of diseases are not so prominent, the diagnosis is often difficult to establish. Moreover, treatment possibilities also differ, because pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs are different from that of young patients. Communication with older patients is also cumbersome, participation of a relative or caregiver at consultation can be useful. Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death of adults over the age of 65. Among these diseases congestive heart failure, coronary artery diseases, hypertension, atrial fibrillation have the greatest significance.

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A simple and reliable HPTLC method has been developed and validated for the determination of dexamethasone (as the sodium phosphate salt) and xylometazoline (as the chloride). Assay of the compounds was performed on silica gel HPTLC plates with spherical particles by development with the mobile phase ethyl acetate–acetonitrile–diethylamine–water, 3 + 3 + 1 + 1 (v/v). A TLC scanner set at λ = 240 nm was used for direct evaluation of chromatograms in reflectance/absorbance mode. The validation data linearity (R > 0.996), precision (RSD = 1.67–2.77%), accuracy (recovery = 95.95–100.69%) and LOD and LOQ (ng levels) were determined and found to be satisfactory.

Assay of dexamethasone and xylometazoline in nasal drops was performed simultaneously with assay of preservatives such as methyl para-hydroxybenzoate. The effect of the most commonly used preservative, benzalkonium chloride on the concentrations of active substances was investigated; it was found that this compound led to a significant reduction of the dexamethasone sodium phosphate content of nasal drops.

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