The aim of our study was to examine the effect of tobacco mosaic tobamovirus (TMV) infection on the growth and nutrient content of S. nigrum leaves. TMV infection significantly reduced the height, the fresh and dry weight of both the shoots and roots. The height of the shoots was reduced by 53% as compared to control. Reduction in fresh and dry weight of shoots and roots due to virus infection varied between 78 and 82%. There was no significant difference in the nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) content of the healthy and virus infected leaves of S. nigrum. The sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) content of the leaves significantly reduced due to virus infection. Opposite effect was observed in case of potassium (K) content, which were considerably enhanced in the TMV infected leaves.
Authors:G. Kazinczi, J. Horváth, A. P. Takács and D. Pribék
In the second part of our study we have examined the effect of Tobacco mosaic tobamovirus (TMV) infection on the germination, seed transmission, seed viability and seed production of S. nigrum. Transmission of TMV by seeds of S. nigrum was 0.3%. Average seed production of the virus infected plants was reduced by 52%, as compared to the healthy control, and TMV infection also delayed generative development. Virus infection did not influence the germination of the seeds. Viability of seeds derived from ripened (blue-black) berries, was significantly reduced by TMV infection.