In the present paper, for the first time the multielemental compositionof hair samples of Indian populations living in the Xingu Park Reservation,in the Brazilian Amazonic region has been determined, by INAA. Irradiationswere carried out at the Interfaculty Reactor Institute (Delft, The Netherlands)and, using a combination of different irradiation and decay times, about 40elements could be determined in the hair. Previous analysis made at the RadiochemistryDivision of IPEN/CNEN-SP (Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission) of hair samplesof a Brazilian control population allowed the determination of 20 elements,also by INAA. Comparison of the data obtained for the Indian populations andthe controls showed very significant differences in elemental compositionsfor some elements, like Hg, Mn and Al while for others, like Cu and Zn, theconcentrations were similar. A discussion of the differences found for otherelements also is made in the present paper.
Authors:D. Cardoso, R. Rodrigues, V. Toledo, T. Moraes-Santos, V. Cardoso, and E. Nunan
F(ab’)2 is the fragment involved in the immunotherapy for scorpion stings and it would be convenient to label it with 99mTc for organ distribution and pharmacokinetics studies. The aim of the present study was to label scorpion antivenom F(ab’)2 with 99mTc keeping its biological activity, integrity and stability. High labeling yield was obtained using stannous chloride and
sodium borohydride. Stability, immunoreactivity and integrity of 99mTc-F(ab’)2 was preserved. It was not observed any difference between potencies of unlabeled and labeled antivenom. 99mTc-F(ab’)2 can be a useful tool for use in biodistribution and pharmacokinetics studies on the evaluation of the efficacy of the antivenom
against scorpion envenomation.
Authors:D. Brito, E. Silva, D. Rodrigues, M. Machado, M. Silva, V. Simões, M. Carvalho, L. Soledade, Iêda Santos, and A. Souza
A silico alumino phosphate with AFI structure (SAPO-5) was prepared
in a two-phase medium and characterized by XRD, followed by the addition of
TEA+. The kinetics of the TEA+/SAPO-5
thermal decomposition reaction was studied by isothermal and dynamic thermogravimetry.
Two kinetic models, D3 and D4
based on diffusion processes were found as best to fit the isothermal data.
On the other hand, the best fit for the dynamic data is the F1
first order reaction model. According to the apparent activation energy values,
the use of the dynamic method indicates a higher temperature dependence than
the isothermal method.
Authors:M. Vasconcellos, P. Bode, G. Paletti, M. Catharino, A. Ammerlaan, M. Saiki, D. Fávaro, A. Byrne, R. Baruzzi, and D. Rodrigues
Biomonitoring of mercury contamination of Brazilian Indian population groups living in the Xingu Park, a reservation situated in the Amazonic region, has revealed very high levels of mercury in hair samples as compared to controls. Total mercury was determined by INAA in most of the tribes living in the Park and methylmercury was determined by CVAAS in samples with total mercury above 10 mg/kg. Due to the fact that selenium seems to protect animals against the toxic effects of methylmercury, it was considered also of interest to determine its concentrations in the hair samples with very high mercury levels. Selenium was determined by INAA via the short-lived radionuclide 77mSe (T1/2 = 17.45 s). The correlations between selenium and mercury concentrations in Brazilian controls and in the Indian population groups are discussed.
Authors:Bianca V. Sousa, Karoline D. Brito, José J. N. Alves, Meiry G. F. Rodrigues, Carlos M. N. Yoshioka, and Dilson Cardoso
Current specifications for gasoline impose strong restrictions on the content of aromatic compounds. Isomerization of normal paraffins to isoparaffins is considered an important petroleum reaction for the production of clean gasoline to improve its Research Octane Number (RON) and Motor Octane Number (MON). The isoparaffins are considered as an alternative to the use of oxygenated and aromatic compounds, whose maximum contents are subjected to strict regulations in order to protect the environment. In this work, catalysts supported on mordenite were obtained by competitive ion exchange using aqueous solutions of platinum complexes. Different concentrations of platinum were tested for the isomerization of n-hexane. All the catalysts obtained were shown to be selective to the formation of isomers with high-octane number, which are the products of greatest interest in the oil refining industry. The highest conversion and the best selectivity for 2,3-dmC4 di-branched component, the isomer with the highest octane number, were found with the 1.10 wt% Pt/HMOR.
Authors:Ana P. Rodrigues, A. R. M. Holanda, G. P. Lustosa, S. M. B. Nóbrega, Willma J. Santana, Luciana B. S. Souza, and H. D. M. Coutinho
Serratia marcescens, a Gram-negative bacillus that belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae, is a human opportunistic pathogen bacterium that causes many diseases, such as urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, bacteremia, conjunctivitis, endocarditis, meningitis and wound infections. Many plasmides that confers multi-drug resistance were discovered, such as virulence factors, like cytotoxins that damage epithelial cells. The main topic of this paper presents a review about the molecular traits evolved in the pathogenic processes mediated by Serratia and its mechanism of resistance to drugs.
Authors:J.P. Duarte, Manuel Coelho-e-Silva, V. Severino, D. Martinho, L. Luz, J.R. Pereira, R. Baptista, J. Valente-dos-Santos, A.M. Machado-Rodrigues, V. Vaz, A. Cupido-dos-Santos, J. Martín-Hernández, S.P. Cumming, and R.M. Malina
The study was aimed to investigate the reproducibility of performance parameters obtained from 10-s maximal cycling effort against different braking forces in young adult athletes. The sample (n = 48) included male athletes aged 18.9–29.9 years (175.5 ± 6.9 cm, 76.2 ± 10.1 kg). The exercise protocol was performed in a cycle-ergometer against a random braking force (4% to 11% of body mass). Intra-individual variation was examined from repeated tests within one week. Descriptive statistics were computed and differences between sessions were tested using paired t-test. The coefficient of correlation between repeated measures, technical error of measurement (TEM), coefficient of variation and ICC were calculated. Agreement between trials was examined using the Bland-Altman procedure. Mean values of peak power were relatively stable when obtained from sampling rates of 50 Hz and ranged between 1068 watt and 1082 watt (t(47) = 1.149, p = 0.256, ES-r = 0.165) or while corresponding to a sampling rate of 1 Hz (t(47) = 0.742, p = 0.462, ES-r = 0.107). Correlations between repeated measures were high (+0.907, 95% CI: +0.839 to +0.947) and TEM about 59.3 watt (%CV = 5.52%; ICC = 0.951, 95% CI: 0.912 to 0.972). The present study suggests that reproducibility of peak power in male adult athletes tended to be acceptable and within individual error appeared unrelated to braking force.