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  • Author or Editor: Damir Bucković x
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Abstract

From the middle part of the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian), the hitherto uniform depositional environment of the Adriatic carbonate platform began to show differentiation. In the central part of the platform two intraplatform troughs were formed, one of which stretched from the Karlovac area southward and is known as the Lemeš Trough. The depositional processes that took place within this trough can be observed in the sedimentary succession of Mt. Svilaja. Based on investigated facies characteristics five lithofacies units were distinguished, representing three paleoenvironmental units: (1) shallow subtidal zone below the fair-weather wave-base; (2) intraplatform trough; (3) shallow subtidal zone above the fair-weather wave-base. The environmental changes are related to the tectonically-controlled retrogradation of the shallow subtidal platform, when the deeper-water intraplatform trough area, connected with the open Tethys realm, spread over the sunken part of the platform. Progressive infilling of the trough with bioclastic material led to the re-establishment of the shallow subtidal environment, and the area of the previously existing intraplatform trough was occupied by coral-hydrozoan reefal buildups.

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Abstract

Two depositional megasequences of the Karst Dinarides that record two different, emersion-separated, depositional periods are presented; the older lasted from the upper part of the Middle Permian to the Middle Triassic, and the younger one from the Late Triassic to the Late Cretaceous. Both megasequences are typified by shallow-water platform deposits; the earlier megasequence formed under epeiric carbonate/clastic platform conditions and the later one under isolated carbonate platform conditions. Significant geodynamic movements within the southern Tethys realm led to Middle Triassic tectonic uplift, i.e. to the emersion of the huge platform area where a regional unconformity between two platform megasequences was formed. Four types of terrestrial phase horizons are identified, each representing different subaerial conditions that existed during the long-lasting emersion. These are: a significant disconformity and related stratigraphic gap between the Upper Scythian and Lower Norian; a tuffaceous horizon between the Upper Anisian and Lower Norian; an Upper Ladinian-Upper Norian brecciated horizon; and an Upper Ladinian-Lower Norian claystone/bauxitic horizon. Due to the widespread diachronous transgression during the Norian, shallow-water platform sedimentation was restored over the entire emergent area, initiating a long-lasting isolated carbonate platform regime.

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A Jurassic marginal depositional system of the Adriatic carbonate platform was analyzed in order to determine its depositional architecture and major depositional controls. Based on their facies characteristics, seven lithofacies units have been distinguished, which constitute four paleoenvironmental associations: top of the platform (shallow subtidal below and above the fair-weather wave-base), upper foreslope, toe-of-slope and basin. The environmental changes are interpreted to be related to tectonic activity as a consequence of regional extensional movements, connected with the opening of the Dinaridic branch of the Neo-Tethys. These extensional movements resulted in multi-stage drowning of the northeastern part of the Adriatic carbonate platform, leading to its gradual back-stepping and accordingly the expansion of the pelagic basin. The interpretation presented here can serve as a useful model for re-evaluating previously analyzed sections of the Adriatic Carbonate Platform margin.

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The Jurassic succession of Gorski Kotar reveals the typical sedimentary signature of the inner Adriatic Carbonate Platform realm. On the basis of its facies characteristics eleven informal lithofacies units can be distinguished. By origin, they are grouped into three depositional settings that alternated over the spacious Adriatic platform area during the Jurassic. These are: (1) subtidal below fair-weather wave-base to higher-energy subtidal above fair-weather wave-base, (2) subtidal below fair-weather wave-base with episodic higher-energy influences and (3) peritidal. The alternation of depositional settings reflects periods of intensive, large-scale regional tectonic movements during the geodynamic evolution of the western Neo-Tethys region, such as the opening/closing of the Dinaridic branch of the Neo-Tethys and opening of the Adriatic basin.

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