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  • Author or Editor: Dana Marinescu x
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Abstract  

The reaction between [M(DMBG)2nH2O ((1) M:Ni, n = 0; (4) M:Cu, n = 1), ammonia/hydrazine and formaldehyde in methanol resulted in new complexes of type [ML]·nH2O ((2) M:Ni, L:L1, n = 0; (3) M:Ni, L:L2, n = 0, (5) M:Cu, L:L1, n = 0 and (6) M:Cu, L:L2, n = 3; HDMBG: N,N-dimethylbiguanide, L1 = ligand resulted from ammonia system and L2 = ligand resulted from hydrazine system). The features of complexes have been assigned from microanalytical, IR and UV–Vis data. The thermal transformations of compounds are complex processes according to TG and DTG curves including melting, phase transition, dehydration, oxidative condensation of –C=N– units as well as thermolysis processes. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides.

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Abstract  

The investigations concerning the thermal behaviour of a series of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of type [NiLCl2mH2O ((1) L:L1, m=6; (3) L:L2, m=4) or [CuLCl]nCln·mnH2O ((2) L:L1, m=6; (4) L:L2, m=4) are presented. The ligands L(1) and L(2) have been synthesised by template condensation of 3,6-diazaoctane-1,8-diamine or 1,2-diaminoethane with formaldehyde and 2-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole. The bonding and stereochemistry of the complexes have been characterised by IR, electronic and magnetic studies at room temperature. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against planktonic as well as biofilm embedded Gram-negative, Gram-positive and fungal strains. The thermal behaviour provided confirmation of the complexes composition as well as the number and nature of water molecules and the intervals of thermal stability.

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Abstract  

A series of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type M(4,4’-dipy)(C3H3O2)2(H2O)y ((1) M=Mn, y=2; (2) M=Ni, y=2; 4,4’-dipy: 4,4’-dipyridyl and C3H3O2 is acrylate anion) and respectively M2(4,4’-dipy)(C3H3O2)4(H2O)y ((3) M=Cu, y=0; (4) M=Zn, y=1). The modification evidenced in IR spectra was correlated with the presence of acrylate ion as unidentate in the case of complex (1) and as bidentate for others complexes. The electronic reflectance spectra showed the dd transition for complex (1) and (2) characteristic for the octahedral surrounding while the spectrum for complex (3) have the characteristic pattern for square-pyramidal stereochemistry. The thermal behaviour steps were investigated. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTG curves including dehydration, acrylate ion oxidative degradation and thermolysis process of aromatic amine. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides.

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Abstract

New complexes of type [Cu(L1)2(OH2)]·4H2O (1), [Cu(L2)(OH2)]·0.5H2O (2) and [Cu3(L3)2(OH2)3]·0.5H2O (3) were synthesized by [1 + 1], [1 + 2] and [1 + 3], respectively, template condensation of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine and salicylic aldehyde in the presence of copper(II). The features of complexes have been established from microanalytical, IR and UV–Vis data. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the accompanying thermodynamic effects. Processes as water elimination and oxidative degradation of the organic ligands were observed. After water elimination, complexes revealed a similar thermal behaviour. The final product of decomposition was copper(II) oxide as powder X-ray diffraction indicated.

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Abstract  

Schiff bases obtained by the condensation of 2-amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole with 2,4-pentandione or 1-phenyl-1,3-butandione were synthesized and characterized in order to obtain polydentate ligands HL1 and HL2, respectively. The complexes with these ligands of the type M(L)Cl·nH2O [(1) M:Ni, L:L1, n = 0.5; (3) M:Ni, L:L2, n = 0.5]; [(2) M:Cu, L:L1, n = 1; (4) M:Cu, L:L2, n = 0] were also synthesized and characterized. The modifications evidenced in IR spectra of complexes were correlated with the presence of monodeprotonate Schiff bases. The electronic spectra display the characteristic pattern of square-planar stereochemistry. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the new complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. Schiff bases and complexes have a similar thermal behaviour. Processes as water elimination, melting, chloride anion removal as well as oxidative degradation of the organic ligands were observed.

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Abstract  

A series of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type RuL2(DMSO)mCl3·nH2O ((1) L: norfloxacin (nf), m = 1, n = 1; (2) L: ciprofloxacin (cp), m = 2, n = 2; (3) L: ofloxacin (of), m = 1, n = 1; (4) L: enrofloxacin (enro), m = 0.5, n = 4; DMSO: dimethylsulfoxide) were synthesised and characterised by chemical analysis and IR data. In all complexes both fluoroquinolone derivative and DMSO act as unidentate. The thermal behaviour steps were investigated in synthetic air flow. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTG curves including dehydration, quinolone derivative and DMSO degradation respectively. The final product of decomposition is ruthenium (IV) oxide.

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Abstract

Three new complexes with formula [VOL2xH2O [(1) HL: N,N-dimethylbiguanide, x = 0.5; (2) HL: 1-phenylbiguanide, x = 0; (3) HL: 1-(o-tolyl)biguanide, x = 0.5] were synthesised and characterised. The IR and UV–Vis spectral data indicate that these biguanide derivatives act as bidentate chelating anionic ligands and generate VO(II) complexes with a square–pyramidal stereochemistry. The thermal analysis (TG, DTA) elucidated the composition and also the number and nature of the water molecules.

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Abstract

Two new complexes with formula VOL2·nH2O ((1) L: 4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone-7-rhamnoglucoside (naringin), n = 8; (2) L: 3′,4′,7-tris[O-(2-hydroxyethyl)]rutin (troxerutin), n = 0) were synthesised and characterised. The IR and UV–Vis spectral data indicate that these flavones act as bidentate chelating ligands and generate VO(II) complexes with a square-pyramidal stereochemistry. The thermal analysis (TG, DTA) elucidated the composition and also the number and nature of the water molecules. The thermal behavior indicates also a strong interaction between oxovanadium (IV) and these oxygen donor ligands.

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Abstract

Novel complexes of type [M2LCl4nH2O ((1) M:Ni, n = 5; (2) M:Cu, n = 0 and (3) M:Zn, n = 2; L: ligand resulted from 1,2-phenylenediamine, 3,6-diazaoctane-1,8-diamine and formaldehyde template condensation) were synthesised and characterised. The features of complexes have been assigned from microanalytical, IR and UV–Vis data. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. Processes as water or hydrochloric acid elimination as well as oxidative degradation of the organic ligand were observed. Complexes display a different thermal behaviour as result of dissimilar chemical interaction of metal ions with chloride anions. The final product of decomposition was metal(II) oxide as powder X-ray diffraction indicated.

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Abstract  

This paper reports the investigation of the thermal stability of a series of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type [M(en)(C3H3O2)2nH2O ((1) M=Ni, n=2; (2) M=Cu, n=0; (3) M=Zn, n=2; en=ethylenediamine and (C3H3O2)=acrylate anion). The thermal behaviour steps were investigated in a nitrogen flow. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTA curves including dehydration, ethylenediamine elimination as well as acrylate thermolysis. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides except for complex (2) that generates metallic copper.

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