The study aims to evaluate two-stage anaerobic co-digestion of leachate and starch waste using anaerobic biofilm bioreactor to enhance methane production. The anaerobic digestion process was operated under the mesophilic condition at 35 ± 1 °C. Hydraulic retention time (HRT) applied to the acidogenesis and methanogenesis reactors were 5 and 25 days, respectively. The organic loading rate (OLR) used in the process of acidogenesis was 2.91 gram volatile solid /L.day, while methanogenesis was 0.58 gram volatile solid (VS) per liter per day. Results showed that two-stage process using biofilm was an effective method for operating anaerobic co-digestion of starch waste and landfill leachate in which the system produced higher methane yield at 125.11 mL methane (CH4) per gram volatile solid (VS) added (mL.CH4/g.VS.added) in comparison to the single-stage process (20.57 mL CH4/g.VS.added) and two-stage process (77.60 mL CH4/g.VS.added) without using biofilm. Two-stage process using biofilm also effectively reduced organic matters in the culture in which the system reached 61% BOD removal in comparison to the single-stage process and two-stage process without biofilm that only had 27.6 and 39.3% BOD removal, respectively. This study suggested that the two-stage process using biofilm would be the preferred technique for treating starch waste and landfill leachate.
Authors:János Peti-Peterdi, L. Navar, P. Darwin Bell, D. Casellas, P. Carmines, E. Inscho, and S. Oparil
This article pays tribute to the tremendous achievements of Dr. László Rosivall in renal (patho)physiology research and nephrology education in Hungary on the occasion of his 60th birthday. For the past several decades Dr. Rosivall has been a charismatic leader of academic institutions, national and international societies, foundations in physiology, nephrology and hypertension, but the most important of his many contributions, is his role as a scientist. He earned his MD with Summa cum Laude at Semmelweis University (1973) and was invited immediately after that to join the laboratory of Hársing. He studied the distribution of intra-renal blood flow employing then state-of-the-art methods as well as developed his own technique at Semmelweis University and at the University of Bergen with Knut Aukland. This led to his PhD thesis and degree in 1980. An important determinant of his early basic scientific training and development was his postdoctoral research fellowship and later many visiting professorships in the Nephrology Research and Training Center (NRTC) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA between 1981 and 1983. Actually, this research fellowship not only impacted his own future career, but it also cleared the path for many other young Hungarian scientists who later trained with Dr. Rosivall and then at UAB. The early 1980s were the years of significant scientific discoveries and the NRTC team at UAB made important contributions by their studies on renal and glomerular hemodynamics, the renin-angiotensin system (12, 19, 22) and by the development of classic experimental techniques like renal micropuncture, microperfusion, and the juxtamedullary nephron preparation (3) that are still being used worldwide. When Dr. Rosivall joined UAB in the 1980s, the team at the NRTC included Drs. Navar, Bell, Inscho, Carmines, Casellas, and Oparil, among many others, who share their fond memories of working with Dr. Rosivall in this article.