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  • Author or Editor: Dorota Dziewońska-Kiss x
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In this paper the author presents the linguistic image of the lexemes with cat in Polish and in Hungarian phraseological units. The analysis shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of several categories and conceptualizations. In both languages the image of cat is in most cases similar to and corresponds with the human behaviour.

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The aim of this paper is to demonstrate how speakers of Polish and Hungarian conceptualize the concept of <death> and <life>, more specifically how they impersonate and animalize it. In this paper, the authors focus only on examples in which the lexemes death and life are treated as a living organism or its parts.

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In this paper, the authors present the linguistic image of the devil in Polish and Hungarian phraseological units. The analysis of the material shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of several domains and conceptualizations. In both languages, the image of the devil is in most cases similar to and corresponds with human behaviour but in some cases evidently differs, too.

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The main aim of this article is to compare the Polish and Hungarian phraseological and mass media expressions concerning the name of human body. The analysis of the material showed the certain similarities but in a lot of cases evident differences as well. The majority of metaphors found in set phrases suggests anthropocentrism and shows that people not merely acquire knowledge of and experience the world but also assess it in their own particular ways. The reconstruction of the linguistic image of the world as a language- and culture-specific phenomenon makes it possible to gain a possibly adequate idea of the categorisation of the world by humans and the conceptualization of information thus attained. The conceptualization of the notion of human body includes for example: a body as a MAN; as an ENEMY; as a FLAT; as a CONTAINER, as an OBJECT; as an OBSTACLE; as a PATTERN/MODEL; as a GOODS; as an OBJECT OF ATTACK; as a MEANS OF PAYMENT, etc.

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In this paper, the authors present the linguistic image of angel in Polish and Hungarian phraseological units. The analysis of the material shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of several domains and conceptualizations. In both languages, the image of angel is in most cases similar to and corresponds with the human behaviour but in some cases evidently differs, too.

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This paper is an attempt to restore the linguistic image of the world recorded in the language of present-day users. The material investigated is based on a questionnaire survey (17 questionnaires, 132 Polish informants). The analysis shows that the cognitive basis of this concept is made up of some profiles, conceptualizations. It may be concluded that this concept is widely regarded as multicategorial (ontological, axiological, biological, social and religious category). The linguistic image of the lexeme ‘life’ in the opinion of the informants markedly differs from those of dictionary definitions.

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The main goal of this article is the reconstruction of the linguistic image of the concept of ‘death’ which has been registered in the actual users of the Polish language. To achieve this, we have used a questionnaire that consisted of 17 questions and was answered by 134 participants. The analysis of the material showed that the definitions found in the dictionaries that reflect the linguistic categorization and conceptualization of the reality, unfortunately, do not consider the full image of the concept of ‘death’ and do not register the actual state of it.

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Studia Slavica
Authors:
Péter Pátrovics
,
Alžbeta Uhrinová
,
Анна Хан
,
Жужанна Калафатич
, and
Dorota Dziewońska-Kiss
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