The majority of radiation injury in cells depends on oxidative stress. Irradiation and absorbed doses, duration of the irradiation and the susceptibility of the tissue against radiation are the factors that cause variations on living cells. The aim of this study was to investigate gamma radiation-induced oxidative damage in erythrocytes after thyroid scintigraphy with Tc-99m pertechnetate. Fifteen patients (8 women and 7 men) who performed thyroid scintigraphy with Tc-99m pertechnetate were included in this study. The median age was 52±8 years (range 33-65). The blood samples were taken from patients just before, 1 hour after and three hours after injection of radiopharmaceutical. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) levels were measured to evaluate the gamma radiation induced oxidative damage. No difference was detected in any final measurement activities of erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme such as SOD and GPX in the direct comparison between the before and after injection of the radiopharmaceutical groups, except erythrocyte CAT activities measured 1 hour after and 3 hours after injection of the radiopharmaceutical (p<0.05). MDA levels were decreased 1 hour after and 3 hours after injection of the radiopharmaceutical.
Like several other anticancer drugs, methotrexate (MTX) causes side effects, such as neuropathic pain, hepatotoxicity, and nephrotoxicity. Abnormal production of reactive oxygen species has been suspected in the pathophysiology of MTX-induced hepatorenal toxicity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the probable protective role of vitamin C (Vit C) on oxidative stress induced by MTX in the liver and kidney tissues of rats. A total of 32 rats were randomly and equally divided into four groups. The first group served as the control group. The second group received a single dose of 20 mg/kg of MTX intraperitoneally. To demonstrate our hypothesis, the third and the fourth groups received 250 mg/kg of Vit C for 3 days by oral gavage, with or without MTX treatment. At the end of the study, the liver and kidney tissues of the rats were collected and examined using histology. Both the tissues were assayed for malondialdehyde concentration and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities. In hepatic and renal tissues, lipid peroxidation levels were increased, whereas SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px levels were decreased by MTX. All parameters, including CAT levels in hepatic tissue, were significantly restored after the administration of Vit C for 3 days. Similar to the biochemical findings, evidence of oxidative damage was examined in both types of tissues by histopathological examination. From the results of this study, we were able to observe that Vit C administration modulates the antioxidant redox system and reduces the renal and hepatic oxidative stress induced by MTX. Vit C can ameliorate the toxic effect of MTX in liver and kidney tissues of rat.