Authors:GB Piccoli, M Alrukhaimi, Z-H Liu, E Zakharova, A Levin and World Kidney Day Steering Committee
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects approximately 10% of the world’s adult population; it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women’s Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women’s health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly. Girls and women, who make up approximately 50% of the world’s population, are important contributors to society and their families. Gender differences continue to exist around the world in access to education, medical care, and participation in clinical studies. Pregnancy is a unique state for women, which not only offers an opportunity for diagnosis of kidney disease, but also states where acute and chronic kidney diseases may manifest, and which may impact future generations with respect to kidney health. There are various autoimmune and other conditions that are more likely to impact women with profound consequences for childbearing, and on the fetus. Women have different complications on dialysis than men and are more likely to be donors than recipients of kidney transplants. In this editorial, we focus on what we do and do not know about women, kidney health, and kidney disease and what we might learn in the future to improve outcomes worldwide.
Authors:M. N. Sabodina, S. N. Kalmykov, Yu. A. Sapozhnikov and E. V. Zakharova
The properties of bentonite to remove radionuclides from aqueous solutions were studied as a function of pH and ionic strength.
The sorption of cesium is due to ion-exchange while in the case of actinides, sorption is defined by surface complexation
at neutral and slightly alkaline conditions and by both mechanisms at acidic pH. Due to the presence of Fe(II), actinides
are reduced to low valence states that defines their strong retention onto bentonite and low solubilities. The solubility
of both neptunium and plutonium were in the order of 2 . 10-8-4 . 10-8M with amorphous An(IV)O2 as solubility limiting phases.