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  • Author or Editor: E. Šamajová x
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Abstract  

The sorption of caesium and strontium from its aqueous solutions by ten clinoptilolite-and mordenite-containing sedimentary materials from Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Greece was investigated by batch-type procedure and radiotracer techniques. The concentration of the solutions, that were performed in and without the presence of competing cations (0.005 mol·dm−3 KCl) varied between 1·10−4 and 5·10−2 mol·dm−3. The uptake and distribution coefficient (K d ) values determined for the materials of the different origin, were correlated with their mineralogical composition and gross cation exchange capacity (CEC). The identification of the specific uptake sites was attempted on the basis of the sorption isotherms and the content of exchangeable cations. The experimental results provide information on the suitability of the individual materials for the treatment of radioactive wastes and their application as backfills in potential nuclear waste repositories.

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