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Abstract  

This paper describes a new instrument for performing thermal analysis using microwaves both as a form of heating and as a novel means of detecting thermally induced transformations in materials. Results are presented for a selection of processes including decompositions, dehydrations and phase changes. The capability of the instrument to be coupled with ancillary techniques such as EGA is also demonstrated.

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Abstract  

A simple method for the electrodeposition of elemental arsenic (As) on a metal backing from aqueous solutions has been developed. The method was successfully applied to stable As (75As). Thin (2.5 mg cm−2) coherent, smooth layers of the metalloid on Ti foils (2.5 μm thickness) were obtained. Electrodeposits served as targets for 75As(n,γ) 76As neutron capture experiments at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). Respective 73As(n,γ) 74As experiments are planned for the near future, and 73As targets will be prepared in a similar fashion utilizing the new electrodeposition method. The preparation of an 73As (half-life 80.3 days) plating bath solution from proton irradiated germanium has been demonstrated. Germanium target irradiation was performed at the Los Alamos Isotope Production Facility (IPF).

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Abstract  

Using 1 gram of 241Am from LANL stocks, the purification steps required to obtain a solution of 241Am from the original material are described. Part of the purified solution was submitted for purity analysis by mass spectrometry, radiochemistry and trace metals analysis. The impurities were expected to be 239Pu and 237Np. A second fraction of this material was used for electroplating three samples onto titanium disks that were suitable for insertion into an instrument package to be placed into the DANCE detector. The purification methods used, the electroplating setup and the solutions to various problems that were encountered in making these targets are discussed. The analytical results are discussed as well as the yields from the electrodeposition process. Comparison of these yields with those from similar experiments utilizing 235U and 243Am are also discussed.

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Abstract  

The low energy particle accelerator at Brooklyn College is being applied to chemical analysis by studies of: charged particle induced nuclear reactions, proton induced X-ray emission, and inelastic neutron scattering. Fluorine-containing gaseous compounds in the atmosphere and fluorine in airborne particulates will be determined by detection of the prompt gamma-rays and/or alpha particles emitted in the reaction19F(p,a)16O. The PIXE technique is being applied to analysis of a variety of environmental samples, and activation by inelastic neutron scattering is being investigated for elements which are not amenable to thermal neutron activation.

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Summary  

The U.S. Department of Energy supports 24 fellowships for students to attend six-week programs at either San Jose State University in California, or Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) in New York. The American Chemical Society through the Division of Nuclear Science and Technology operates both schools. The twelve students at the BNL program are enrolled in the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNYSB) and receive 3 college credits for the lecture course (CHE-361) and 3 additional credits for the laboratory course (CHE-362). In addition to lectures and laboratories, students tour various nuclear facilities offsite, at BNL, and at SUNYSB. Opportunities are given the students to interact with faculty and scientists within the profession through the Guest Lecture Program. Further details are discussed along with results of student surveys for the years 1999 through 2002.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: E. Bond, T. Bredeweg, J. FitzPatrick, M. Jandel, R. Rundberg, A. Slemmons, and D. Vieira

Abstract  

In this paper, we describe the separation chemistry and electrodepositions conducted for the preparation of 241Am, 243Am and 233U targets used for cross-section measurements at DANCE. Thick, adherent deposits were prepared using molecular plating from isopropyl alcohol solutions. Improved yields and thicknesses were observed for 241Am electrodeposition after the material was purified using TRU resin from Eichrom. Similarly, 233U deposits were improved after purification with an anion exchange column in 9 M HBr followed by purification using UTEVA resin from Eichrom.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: E. Bond, S. Glover, D. Vieira, R. Rundberg, G. Belier, V. Meot, D. Hynek, Y. Jansen, J. Becker, and R. Macri

Abstract  

This paper describes the preparation of samples for an experiment to measure the cross-section for 235U(n,n′)235mU in a fast fission spectrum of neutrons provided by a fast pulsed reactor/critical assembly. Samples of 235mU have been prepared for the calibration of the internal conversion electron detector that is used for the 235mU measurement. Two methods are described for the preparation of 235mU. The first method used a U-Pu chemical separation based on anion-exchange chromatography and the second method used an alpha recoil collection method. Thin, uniform samples of 235mU+235U were prepared for the experiment using electrodeposition.

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