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Abstract  

Pulsed slow positrons were produced using a time-varying moderator bias with an interval of 82 ns; 97% of the positrons were compressed within 2 ns width at the target position. Both the positron annihilation lifetime and Doppler broadening of the positron annihilation radiation (DBPR) of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were measured as a function of the incident energy of slow positrons. It was shown that the lifetime and intensity of the long-lived component of positron annihilation are independent of the positron incident energy above 1.2 keV. However, the width of the Doppler-broadened annihilation γ-ray increased in the energy region below 1.2 keV.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Ch. He, E. Hamada, T. Suzuki, H. Kobayashi, K. Kondo, V. Shantarovich, and Y. Ito

Abstract  

A new pulsed mono-energetic slow positron beam as well as the conventional positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) have been applied to study the sub-surface and the bulk of epoxy polymer. Significant changes of o-Ps parameters were found at a short distance from the surface. The lifetime of o-Ps was observed to decrease with increasing the positron implantation depth, while its intensity increased. The temperature effect on o-Ps parameters at sub-surface was also investigated. The glass transition temperature for the sub-surface was lower than that for the bulk. Furthermore, the thermal expansion coefficient of the sub-surface was found smaller than that of the bulk.

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