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  • Author or Editor: E. Kenndler x
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Abstract  

The influence of methanol on the distribution of thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) between aqueous solutions of nitric acid and solutions of Amberlite LA-2, trilaurylamine and Aliquat-336-nitrate has been investigated. The amount of acid in the organic phase increases with increasing concentration of nitric acid and methanol in the aqueous phase. The concentration of acid in the organic phase can be calculated by a given formula for Amberlite LA-2. The distribution of methanol is discussed. The distribution of thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) changes, when methanol is added. This is explained by the shift of the equilibrium of the metal complex and by the enhanced extraction of acid.

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Abstract  

The influence of ethanol on the distribution of thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) between solutions of nitric acid and solutions of Amberlite LA-2, Trilaurylamine and Aliquat 336-nitrate has been investigated. Increasing amounts of nitric acid and ethanol in the aqueous phase cause an increase of the acid concentration in the organic phase. This concentration can be calculated by a given formula for Amberlite LA-2. The distribution of acid and ethanol is discussed. The distribution ratios of thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) are changed by adding ethanol to the liquid-liquid-system. This can be explained by the shift of the equilibrium of the metal nitrate complexes and by the enhanced extraction of acid.

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Abstract  

The influence of acetone on the extraction of Th(IV) and U(VI) from aqueous solutions of nitric acid by solutions of Amberlite LA-2 and trilaurylamine in cyclohexane has been investigated. The partition of nitric acid and acetone between the two phases is discussed. The change of the distribution ratios of Th(IV) and U(VI) by adding acetone to the liquid-liquid-system is explained by the shift of the equilibrium of the metal nitrate complexes and by the increase of the concentration of nitric acid in the organic phase.

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Abstract  

The distribution of acid, water, methanol, ethanol and acetone between mixed aqueous-organic nitric acid solutions and solutions of trilaurylammoniumnitrate in cyclohexane has been investigated. The distribution of acid rises with increasing concentrations of nitric acid, methanol, ethanol and acetone in the mixed aqueous-organic phase. The effect of the organic additives in increasing the distribution of the acid is methanol<ethanol<acetone. The concentration of nitric acid in the organic phase can be calculated by a formula similar to that describing the extraction from pure aqueous solutions. The distribution curves of water, methanol and ethanol resemble each other, all of them showing a minimum, when the distribution ration is plotted versus the nitric acid concentration in the mixed aqueous-organic phase. The acetone distribution decreases steadily with increasing nitric acid concentration. The shape of the curves is briefly discussed.

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