The northwestern prevailing wind direction and episodic south-to-north trajectories connect Hungarian atmosphere to the west
and middle European as well as Mediterranean and Scandinavian regions that were covered by the 21 sampling sites active in
an international collaboration on air quality. Our present set of data collected in Debrecen during the past decade is added
to their data for comparison and the outcome is presented in this paper.
In order to extend the energy range of the systematic investigation on relative thick target yields performed by ANTTILA et al2 for 1Ep
2.4 MeV bombarding energies, gamma spectra and yield data are presented for elements Z=3–9, 11–17, 19–21 in the energy range 2.4Ep
4.2 MeV and the results are discussed from the point of view of PIGE analysis.
Elemental concentrations of P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb have been determined in erythrocyte and blood plasma samples from normal and diabetic human pregnancies. Average values, the dependence of the concentrations on the time during gestation period, the correlation coefficients for pairs of elements as well as for the same elements in plasma and erythrocyte samples are given. A marked difference appeared in a number of cases between normal and diabetic pregancies.
Aerosol samples collected around the Chilean site Lonquimay during major volcanic activities in January 1989 have been subjected to microPIXE measurements of 1 mm lateral resolution in the Debrecen Institute. Elemental concentrations relative to calcium have been determined for Al, Si, P, S, K, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Ba in 187 individual aerosol particles with the particle sizes between 15 mm and 1 mm. On the basis of a cluster analysis performed on the data set we defined eight clusters. Scatter plots for selected pairs of elements as Si/Al, K/Si, S/Cl, and Al/S elemental ratios that are considered as signatures characterizing types and mechanisms in volcanic eruption - have been compared with published data available in the literature for various volcanic sites.
Thirty-seven episodes of dust intrusion were observed between February 12, 1991 and August 31, 2000 in the Hungarian atmosphere
and found to be of Saharan origin. They have been assigned to typical source areas in Northern Africa selected by systematic
investigations related to the Mediterranean Basin. Elemental concentrations and regional signatures deduced from PIXE analysis,
total suspended particle mass, and black carbon mass have been measured on dust samples collected in Debrecen, Hungary. These
data combined with Aerosol Index data, and dust plume axes obtained from TOMS data from NASA satellites were used for assigning
the most probable source areas of the dust transported to the sampling site. Our data and conclusions are in accordance with
other published investigations on the predominant role of Saharan dust emission in building up the aerosol load of the global
It is demonstrated that combined PIXE and PIGE measurements are suitable for the accurate determination of the elemental concentration of glass samples. Borosilicate glasses used as high voltage insulators in Van de Graaff accelerators and tested for the relevant physical properties have been analyzed. A correlation between concentrations and physical properties has been found, supporting the additivity rule.