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  • Author or Editor: E. L. Charsley x
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Abstract

The first European Symposium on Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (ESTAC) was held in Salford, UK in 1976. On the occasion of the tenth ESTAC in Rotterdam, this is article provides an overview of the history, aims and philosophy of ESTAC.

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A new thermobalance is described which gives a direct plot of percentage weight loss versus sample temperature, without the need for replotting the results. The unit operates over the range ambient to 1000°C and features a miniature water-cooled furnace in conjunction with an electronic microbalance, giving sensitivities of 1–250 mg for full scale deflection on a potentiometric recorder. Heating rates of 1–100°C/minute are available and the furnace will cool from 1000°C to 50°C in less than four minutes. Typical applications of the unit are illustrated by reference to a number of inorganic and polymer systems.

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Abstract

The development of a new sample controlled thermal analysis technique based on a heat flux DSC is described. The performance of the system is demonstrated by studies on the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate and the oxidation of a copper impregnated carbon. The ability of the technique to study reactions which take place without a change in mass is illustrated by the curing of an epoxy resin with a polyaminoamide hardener.

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A new low temperature differential scanning calorimeter is described which operates over the temperature range −150 °C to 700 °C. The equipment features a chromel heat flux DSC sensor plate located in a cobalt alloy heating chamber, enabling work to be carried out in oxidizing atmospheres to above 600 °C. Full data processing and programme control facilities are provided by an IBM compatible computer system. The performance of the instrument is illustrated by experiments on indium and poly (vinyl chloride).

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Simultaneous TG-DTA-MS and TG-DSC have been used to investigate the complex reaction which takes place in the region of 300°C when the chlorinated rubber Alloprene is added to pyrotechnic compositions containing equal parts by weight of titanium and sodium nitrate. The results have been compared with those obtained for the titanium-strontium nitrate-Alloprene system.

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Abstract

Studies have been carried out on the boron-potassium perchlorate-nitrocellulose pyrotechnic system by DSC, simultaneous TG-DTA-mass spectrometry and chemical analysis. Quantitative measurements have been made on the exothermic pre-ignition reaction which took place above 360°C and the results have been compared with those obtained previously for the corresponding systems containing zirconium and a zirconium/nickel alloy.

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