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  • Author or Editor: E. Longo x
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Abstract  

The color efficiency of ceramic glaze blue pigments obtained by the Pechini method was presented in this work. The fired pigments and enameled samples were characterized by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), XRD, UV-VIS-NIR spectroscopy and CIE-L*a*b* color-measurements. The pigments obtained by the Pechini method present a better solubility in the molten glazes than the pigments obtained by the mechanical mixture of the precursor oxides.

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Abstract  

The synthesis and the characterization of Al2O3-based nanocrystalline inorganic pigments are reported. The pigments were synthesized by the polymeric precursor (Pechini method) using Cr2O3 as chromophore. XRD results only evidenced the corundum phase. The average particle size was about 34 nm. The samples were also characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG), and CIE-L*a*b* calorimetry. The pigments obtained in this work presented different colors, ranging from green to rose.

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Abstract  

SnO2-based materials are used as sensors, catalysts and in electro–optical devices. This work aims to synthesize and characterize the SnO2/Sb2O3-based inorganic pigments, obtained by the polymeric precursor method, also known as Pechini method (based on the metallic citrate polymerization by means of ethylene glycol). The precursors were characterized by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). After characterization, the precursors were heat-treated at different temperatures and characterized by X-ray diffraction. According to the TG/DTA curves basically two-step mass loss process was observed: the first one is related to the dehydration of the system; and the second one is representative to the combustion of the organic matter. Increase of the heat treatment temperature from 500 to 600C and 700C resulted higher crystallinity of the formed product.

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The present work investigates the influence of milling and calcination atmosphere on the thermal decomposition of SrTiO3 powder precursors. Both pure and neodymium-modified SrTiO3 samples were studied. Milling did not significantly influence numerical mass loss value, but reduced the number of decomposition steps, modifying the profiles of the TG and DTA curves. On the other hand, milling increases the amount of energy liberated by the system upon combustion of organic matter. It was also observed that the milling process, associated to the calcination in an oxygen atmosphere, considerably decreases the amount of organic matter and increases the final mass loss temperature.

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Abstract  

CaSnO3 was synthesized by the polymeric precursor method, using different precursor salts as (CH3COO)2CaH2O, Ca(NO3)24H2O, CaCl22H2O and CaCO3, leading to different results. Powder precursor was characterized using thermal analysis. Depending on the precursor different thermal behaviors were obtained. Results also indicate the formation of carbonates, confirmed by IR spectra. After calcination and characterization by XRD, the formation of perovskite as single phase was only identified when calcium acetate was used as precursor. For other precursors, tin oxide was observed as secondary phase.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Xavier, C. Costa, S. Crispim, M. Bernardi, M. Maurera, M. Conceiçăo, E. Longo, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The pigments used in ceramic applications are of nature predominantly inorganic and they should be thermally stable, insoluble in glazing, resistant to the chemical and physical agents' attacks. This work aimed at the synthesis by the polymeric precursor method of ZrO2-based inorganic pigments, doped with Fe, Ni, Co, Cr and Cu cations. The fired pigments were characterized by thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Among the metals used to zirconium-doping, the best result was achieved with the cations Cu, which presented the monophase pigment, even as 20 mol% of dopant. Up to the temperature of 1000C the pigments presented a good thermal stability.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Costa, S. Crispim, S. Lima, C. Paskocimas, E. Longo, V. Fernandes, A. Araújo, and I. Santos

Abstract  

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: F. Albuquerque, B. Parente, S. Lima, C. Paskocimas, E. Longo, A. Souza, I. Santos, and V. Fernandes

Abstract  

The use of clays for ceramic filter processing may reduce its cost, leading to different applications, as water treatment. In this work, a low cost tile clay mixed with kaolin, for use in ceramic filters, were evaluated. Mineralogical and thermal changes occurring during sintering were characterized by differential thermal analysis, thermogravimetry, thermomechanical analysis and X-ray diffraction. An increase in the initial melting temperature of samples due to kaolin addition was observed. Mullite formation in kaolin was observed by DTA and in other samples by XRD. TMA analysis permitted the observation of pre-sintering step, around 850C. This step is difficult to observe in other types of analysis.

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