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  • Author or Editor: E. Méhes x
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The dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) is a membrane-associated protein complex binding extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules, such as laminin and forming a bridge towards the cytoskeleton. The molecular composition of the DGC is cell type dependent and it is involved in cell adhesion and motility. Here we present immunocytochemical localization of beta-dystroglycan, the central member of the DGC, utrophin and Dp71f, the spliced 71 kDa dystrophin protein product of the DMD gene, in cultured retinal Muller glial cells. It is shown that beta-dystroglycan and utrophin are colocalized in clusters in all parts of Muller cells including the lamellipodium and leading edge of migrating cells. As a contrast, Dp71f labels are distinct from beta-dystroglycan and confined to the perinuclear cytoplasm of Muller cells indicating that Dp71f is not a member of the DGC in cultured Muller cells.

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Physiology International
Authors: Zs. Sári, T. Kovács, T. Csonka, M. Török, É. Sebő, J. Toth, D. Tóth, E. Mikó, B. Kiss, D. Szeőcs, K. Uray, Zs. Karányi, I. Kovács, G. Méhes, P. Árkosy and P. Bai

Abstract

Breast cancer is characterized by oncobiosis, the abnormal composition of the microbiome in neoplastic diseases. The biosynthetic capacity of the oncobiotic flora in breast cancer is suppressed, as suggested by metagenomic studies. The microbiome synthesizes a set of cytostatic and antimetastatic metabolites that are downregulated in breast cancer, including cadaverine, a microbiome metabolite with cytostatic properties. We set out to assess how the protein expression of constitutive lysine decarboxylase (LdcC), a key enzyme for cadaverine production, changes in the feces of human breast cancer patients (n = 35). We found that the fecal expression of Escherichia coli LdcC is downregulated in lobular cases as compared to invasive carcinoma of no special type (NST) cases. Lobular breast carcinoma is characterized by low or absent expression of E-cadherin. Fecal E. coli LdcC protein expression is downregulated in E-cadherin negative breast cancer cases as compared to positive ones. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of LdcC expression in lobular and NST cases revealed that fecal E. coli LdcC protein expression might have predictive values. These data suggest that the oncobiotic transformation of the microbiome indeed leads to the downregulation of the production of cytostatic and antimetastatic metabolites. In E-cadherin negative lobular carcinoma that has a higher potential for metastasis formation, the protein levels of enzymes producing antimetastatic metabolites are downregulated. This finding represents a new route that renders lobular cases permissive for metastasis formation. Furthermore, our findings underline the role of oncobiosis in regulating metastasis formation in breast cancer.

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