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Abstract

In this work the well known scientometric concepts of bibliographically coupled publications and co-cited references were applied to produce interactive maps of research fronts and knowledge bases of research fields. This article proposes a method and some standardization for the detection and visualization of research fronts and knowledge bases with two and three dimensional graphics inspired by geographical maps. Agglomerations of bibliographically coupled publications with a common knowledge base are identified and graphically represented by a density function of publications per area unit. The research fronts become visible if publications with similar vectors of common citations are associated and visualized as an ensemble in a three dimensional graphical representation as a mountain scenery measured with the help of a spatial density. Knowledge bases were calculated in the same way. Maps similar to the geographic representation of oceans and islands are used to visualize the two-dimensional spatial density function of references weighted by individual links. The proposed methodology is demonstrated by publications in the field of battery research.

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Summary  

Visualization with the algorithm of BibTechMon provides the out-degree as well as the in-degree. The analysis shows that both frequency and co-occurrences of objects (nodes in the network) support the idea of Kleinberg's algorithm. The analysis of the algorithm shows clearly that strongly linked scores lead the iteration to a convergence and give the highest weights. Therefore BibTechMon visualizes the results well.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Juan Gorraiz, Henk Moed, and Edgar Schiebel
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Scientometrics
Authors: Edgar Schiebel, Marianne Hörlesberger, Ivana Roche, Claire François, and Dominique Besagni

Abstract  

Scientific progress in technology oriented research fields is made by incremental or fundamental inventions concerning natural science effects, materials, methods, tools and applications. Therefore our approach focuses on research activities of such technological elements on the basis of keywords in published articles. In this paper we show how emerging topics in the field of optoelectronic devices based on scientific literature data from the PASCAL-database can be identified. We use Results from PROMTECH project, whose principal objective was to produce a methodology allowing the identification of promising emerging technologies. In this project, the study of the intersection of Applied Sciences as well as Life (Biological & Medical) Sciences domains and Physics with bibliometric methods produced 45 candidate technological fields and the validation by expert panels led to a final selection of 10 most promising ones. These 45 technologies were used as reference fields. In order to detect the emerging research, we combine two methodological approaches. The first one introduces a new modelling of field terminology evolution based on bibliometric indicators: the diffusion model and the second one is a diachronic cluster analysis. With the diffusion model we identified single keywords that represent a high dynamic of the mentioned technology elements. The cluster analysis was used to recombine articles, where the identified keywords were used to technological topics in the field of optoelectronic devices. This methodology allows us to answer the following questions: Which technological aspects within our considered field can be detected? Which of them are already established and which of them are new? How are the topics linked to each other?

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Scientometrics
Authors: Ivana Roche, Dominique Besagni, Claire François, Marianne Hörlesberger, and Edgar Schiebel

Abstract  

Following up the European project PromTech the aim of which was to detect emerging technologies by studying the scientific literature, we chose one field, Molecular Biology, to identify and characterize emerging topics within that domain. We combined two analytical approaches: the first one introduces a model of the terminological evolution of the field based on bibliometric indicators and the second one operates a diachronic clustering analysis. Our objective is to bring answers to questions such as: Which technological aspects can be detected? Which of them are already established and which of them are new? How are the topics linked to each other?

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