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A tanulmány az esztergomi vár három kályháját mutatja be. Mindhárom a vár 1686. évi keresztény visszafoglalását követő időszakból származik, külföldi, magas technikai színvonalon dolgozó mesterek terméke.
The study presents the high-quality tiled stove of Esztergom Castle dating from 1595–1605, produced in a workshop in southern Germany. The stove tiles are decorated with various scenes from the life of Jesus enclosed in an architectural frame made in the Renaissance style. A comparison is drawn between the stove tile fragments from Esztergom and the stove tile fragments from Visegrád Castle dating from the same period, which also depict Biblical scenes.
The study describes the household items and furnishings of the court through the pottery and glass finds recovered from the cesspit of the royal palace at Visegrád, alongside an examination of the assemblage’s composition and its place of origin. A comparison of the mid-14th and late 15th century finds sheds light on the changes that took place during this period.
The concentration dependent effects of deep rough mutant lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Salmonella minnesota (R595) on two different phospholipid model membranes was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). At low concentrations of LPS the well ordered multilamellar arrangement of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) vesicles is strongly distorted resulting in a loss of positional correlation of the lipid lamellae and smaller domain sizes within the lamellae. The pre-transition of DPPC was abolished at a LPS/DPPC molar ratio of 0.1:1 and the main or chain melting transition was strongly broadened. Moreover, the enthalpy was significantly decreased and a transition was hardly detected at an equimolar mixture of LPS/DPPC. LPS also affected the lamellar arrangement of a mixture of dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPPE) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG). Furthermore, a phase separation was observed for this phospholipid mixture resulting in DPPE enriched and depleted domains. Similarly to DPPC, only a weak phase transition was observed at the highest LPS concentration used (LPS/DPPE-DPPG 1:1 mol/mol). SAXS measurements showed that for both systems increasing the concentration of LPS resulted in a concomitant increase of the formation of cubic structures, which are predominant at an equimolar mixture of LPS/phospholipid. However, because of the small number of peaks it was not possible to unambiguously identify the space group of the cubic structure, complicated by the coexistence with a lamellar phase, which was particularly detectable for the LPS/DPPC mixture.
The metabolic alteration of fatty liver causes significant changes in the composition of bile fluid secreted by epithelial liver cells. These processes include both organic molecular and inorganic ion content changes in bile juice as well. In this work ion concentration differences of bile fluid in experimental hyperlipidemic rats compared to normal ones were monitored. Fatty liver in young male Wistar albino rats was induced by 2% cholesterol, 20% sunflower oil and 0.5% cholic acid added to the normal food and 3% alcoholic water was administered to rats for 9 days. The development of hyperlipidemy was detected by measuring serum parameters and fatty liver was proved by morphological investigations. The ion concentrations of bile fluid samples were determined by ICP-OES (inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry). The bile fluid samples were digested with a mixture of HNO3 and H2 O2 . The results show that the concentration of calcium and phosphorus in bile juice increased significantly in hyperlipidemic rats compared to the control. Significant concentration changes have also been detected for chromium and manganese. The changes in metal ion metabolism also point to the damage of liver cells owing to metal complex evacuation.