Authors:Edit Nádasi, B. Melegh, L. Seress, and Gy. Kosztolányi
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion affecting 4977 base pairs (mtDNA4977), the most common mtDNA mutation in humans, was analysed in brain specimens (frontal, temporal, and cerebellar cortices, caudate nucleus, thalamus, and hippocampus) and in other tissues (blood clot, liver, kidney, heart, and muscle) taken at autopsy of deceased neonates. mtDNA4977 deletion determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) could be demonstrated in each neonatal sample, however, quantity of mtDNA4977 deletion was less in the newborn samples than in those of the elderlies. Results obtained suggest that contrary to certain data mtDNA4977 deletion can be present in neonates. The mtDNA4977 deletion could be generated by perinatal hypoxia or temporary oxygen oversaturations during the intensive care of the neonates, as the mtDNA is sensitive to oxidative damage. In combination with other factors an additional causative role of mtDNA4977 deletion reported here cannot be ruled out in development of cerebral palsy or mental retardation of unknown origin often seen in neonates underwent neonatal intensive care procedures.
Authors:Edit Nádasi, P. Gyűrűs, Márta Czakó, Judit Bene, Sz. Kosztolányi, Sz. Fazekas, P. Dömösi, and B. Melegh
Hungarians are unique among the other European populations because according to history, the ancient Magyars had come from the eastern side of the Ural Mountains and settled down in the Carpathian basin in the 9th century AD. Since variations in the human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) are routinely used to infer the histories of different populations, we examined the distribution of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) sites of the mtDNA in apparently healthy, unrelated Hungarian subjects in order to collect data on the genetic origin of the Hungarian population. Among the 55 samples analyzed, the large majority belonged to haplogroups common in other European populations, however, three samples fulfilled the requirements of haplogroup M. Since haplogroup M is classified as a haplogroup characteristic mainly for Asian populations, the presence of haplogroup M found in approximately 5% of the total suggests that an Asian matrilineal ancestry, even if in a small incidence, can be detected among modern Hungarians.