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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Lidiane Pinto Correia, Elisana Afonso de Moura, Hallisson Meneses Pires, and Rui Oliveira Macêdo

Abstract

Water is a fundamental element of life. Its multiple uses are indispensable for a wide spectrum of human activities. This study aims to characterize water from different salinities obtained in the Cariri region of Paraíba, Brazil. The samples were analyzed using the DSC-coupled to the Peltier system (DSC-Cooling) and physical–chemical water tests performed employing reactive kits, using the Spectroquant Merck® specific for each test. The calorimetric curves showed crystallization phase transitions with different characteristics in peak format and crystallization temperatures between the samples of different salinities. The calorimetric data obtained in the process of crystallization of water is directly correlated to the physico-chemical parameters of conductivity and total dissolved solids, showing that the analytical technology DSC-cooling/heating is suitable for characterization of different salinities water.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Agna Hélia de Oliveira, Elisana Afonso de Moura, Márcia Ferraz Pinto, José Valdilânio Virgulino Procópio, Valmir Gomes de Souza, Fábio Santos de Souza, and Rui Oliveira Macêdo

Abstract

This work studied the thermal characterization of the pentoxifylline raw material through thermoanalytical techniques (TG, DSC, DSC-photovisual) and analysis of degradation products by Pyr-GC/MS. The picture obtained with DSC-photovisual showed the total vaporization of pentoxifylline at 230.0 °C. The TG dynamical curve presented only one step for the loss of mass evidencing to be a kinetic process of zero order reaction. The pyrograms obtained for pentoxifylline sample in the solid state and solution in the temperatures of 250.0, 300.0, and 400.0 °C, showed only one peak identifying the pentoxifylline.

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