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  • Author or Editor: Eugeniu Vasile x
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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Cornelia Marinescu, Ancuta Sofronia, Cristina Rusti, Roxana Piticescu, Viorel Badilita, Eugeniu Vasile, Radu Baies, and Speranta Tanasescu

Abstract

The aim of the article is to investigate the influence of particle size on titanium dioxide phase transformations. Nanocrystalline titanium dioxide powder was obtained through a hydrothermal procedure in an aqueous media at high pressure (in the range 25–100 atm) and low temperature (≤200 °C). The as-prepared samples were characterized with respect to their composition by ICP (inductive coupled plasma), structure and morphology by XRD (X-ray diffraction), and TEM (transmission electron microscopy), thermal behavior by TG (thermogravimetry) coupled with DSC (differential scanning calorimetry). Thermal behavior of nanostructured TiO2 was compared with three commercial TiO2 samples. The sequence of brookite–anatase–rutile phase transformation in TiO2 samples was investigated. The heat capacity of anatase and rutile in a large temperature range are reported.

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Abstract

Dendrimers or biofunctionalized dendrimers can be assembled onto magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to stabilize or functionalize inorganic nanoparticles. Carboxylated poly(amidoamine) PAMAM dendrimers (generation 4.5) have been used for the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles, resulting nanocomposites with potential biomedical applications. The present paper aims to systematically investigate the thermal behaviour of nanostructured hybrids based on ferric oxide and PAMAM dendrimers, by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. The novelty consists both in synthesis procedure of hybrid nanostructures as well as in DSC approach of these nanocomposites. For the first time, we propose a new method to prepare Fe2O3—dendrimer nanocomposite, using soft chemical process at high pressure. Commercial PAMAM dendrimers with carboxylic groups on its surface were used. When high pressure is applied, polymeric structures suffer morphological changes leading to hybrid nanostructures' formation. In the same time, crystallinity of inorganic nanoparticles is provided. DSC results showed an increase in thermal stability of composites as compared to commercial dendrimers. This could be due to the formation of strong interactions between ferric oxide and carboxyl groups, as confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Electron microscopy analysis (SEM/EDX) and size measurements were performed to demonstrate the existence of nanosized particles.

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