Authors:Ahmet Güner, Regayİp Zehİr, Macİt KalçIk, Abdulkadİr Uslu, Altuğ Ösken, Alİ Kemal Kalkan, and Ezgİ Gültekİn Güner
In addition to proinflammatory properties, eosinophils can stimulate platelet activation and enhance prothrombotic pathways. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between the eosinophil percentage (EOS%) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
This study enrolled a total of 1,909 patients who were diagnosed with STEMI. Ventricular arrhythmia, reinfarction, the need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, target vessel revascularization, congestive heart failure, and cardiovascular mortality during index hospitalization were defined as MACE.
Three hundred and eighty patients (19.7%) reached the combined endpoint with MACE. The rates of inhospital mortality and MACE were significantly higher in low EOS% group as compared to high EOS% group (4% vs. 1.1%, p < 0.01 and 32.8% vs. 11.3%, p < 0.01, respectively). On multivariate logistic regression analyses, EOS% (OR = 0.44, p < 0.01) was found to be one of the independent predictors of MACE. The EOS% lower than 0.60 on admission predicted inhospital MACE with a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 72% (AUC: 0.684, p < 0.01).
Low EOS% on admission may be associated with high inhospital MACE in STEMI patients. EOS% may be used as a novel biomarker for risk stratification of these patients.