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  • Author or Editor: F. Branda x
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Abstract  

In this paper a DSC study is reported of the behavior of Fe40Ni40P14B6 alloy produced by rapid quenching. The experimental results show that relaxation phenomena can be studied directly from the DSC curves. From these experiments, the spread of the E c values in the literature is attributed to differences in the quenching rates and the presence of variable number of quenched-in nuclei. It is also shown that the microstructure (number and size of crystals) of the non-isothermally devitrified metallic alloy changes with the heating rate; this is a consequence of the shift of crystallization temperatures and, therefore, of the change of the ratio of nucleation and crystal growth rates.

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The effect of the addition of Ag2O on the mechanism of non-isothermal devitrification of Li2O · 2 SiO2 glass has been studied by differential thermal analysis. In both bulk and powdered samples, the presence of heterogeneous nuclei lowers the crystallization temperatures but not the value of the crystal growth activation energy.

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Abstract  

A traditional TG apparatus was modified by placing two permanent magnets producing a controlled magnetic field (TG(M): Magneto Thermogravimetry). This technique proved to be useful to study both structural relaxation and crystallisation of ferromagnetic metallic glasses. Results obtained for the amorphous alloys Fe40Ni40P14B6 and Fe62.5Co6Ni7.5Zr6Nb2Cu1B15, are reported in this paper. Structural relaxation can be evaluated by measuring changes in Curie temperature induced by thermal treatments. Crystallisation in TG(M) is detected through a change in the measured apparent mass (difference between the sample mass and magnetic force driving it upward). These results were confirmed by DSC analysis. Whether the obtained crystalline phase is ferromagnetic, it can be identified through its Curie temperature, measured by TG(M). In fact the value of 770C measured as Curie temperature of crystallised Fe62.5Co6Ni7.5Zr6Nb2Cu1B15led to conclude that the only ferromagnetic crystalline phase is a-Fe. These hypothesis was confirmed by XRD analysis, showing that the first crystallisation yields to a-Fe nanocrystals.

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Abstract  

In this paper a thermoanalytical study of the kinetic parameters and mechanism of the devitrification process of CaO·SiO2, 1.6CaO·0.4MgO·2SiO2 and 1.4CaO·(0.6/3)Y2O3·2SiO2 is reported. The experimental results suggest that, in the studied glasses, a surface nucleation process is operative; however, in finely powdered samples, that soften and efficiently sinter before devitrifying, surface nuclei behave as bulk nuclei. In this case lamellar crystalline structures are obtained.

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Abstract  

In this paper T g values of calcium (sodium) silicate glasses containing added with oxides of trivalent elements are reported. The plots of T g as a function of composition or vs. the ionic field strength prove to be useful in discussing the role of the oxides in the glass structure. It is found that, at least in the studied composition range, Sc2O3, Y2O3, La2O3, and In2O3, behave as network modifier oxides. In the compositional ranges studied, the hypothesis based on them well agree with the expectations based on the known criteria reported in literature and on FTIR spectra.

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Abstract  

Glasses of composition expressed by the following general formula xCaO·(1−x)SiO2 (0.30≤x≤0.50) can be prepared by means of the sol-gel route starting from tetramethylorthosilicate and calcium nitrate tetrahydrate They are all difficult to prepare by means of the traditional technique of quenching the melt, because of the high liquidus temperature,T 1 t that in the case ofx=0.3 glass isT 1=1650°C. The DTA apparatus appears a valuable tool for defining the procedure necessary to obtain the glass through the sol-gel route. The glassx=0.3 is bioactive. The experimental results suggest that the gel structures, such as obtained at room temperature, are very similar; only at high temperature do the reactions of hydrolysis and polycondensation go to completion and the structural units characteristic of each glass are obtained.

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