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Abstract  

Normal motor-oil was investigated by CPAA method using 12 and 18 MeV proton beams, which were extracted to the air. The samples were taken from the oil carter of a motor after different running times. The change of the amount of certain trace elements was detected with increasing time of use. By using this method the friction wear of the engine material can also be measured.

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Abstract  

In the present work we demonstrate the development of a thin layer activation (TLA) method to be able to measure micrometer wear or less by using radioactive tracing. In order to activate very swallow depths we decreased the bombarding energy to the “linear” region of the cross-section curve. The disadvantage of the method is that the wear curve will be “linear” near to the surface instead of “constant” as is the case with the usual (high energy) TLA. The advantage is that the activity of the sample will be much lower and it is concentrated in the swallower studied depth. The other possible method is irradiation under small angle (15 to 30° or even grazing incidence), which also causes a near-surface concentration of the activity produced. Both methods are demonstrated with the most suitable nuclear reactions and some commonly used industrial materials.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
F. Ditrói
,
F. Tárkányi
,
S. Takács
,
M. Uddin
,
M. Hagiwara
,
M. Baba
,
A. Ignatyuk
, and
S. Kovalev

Abstract  

Activation data of lead are of great importance due to the widespread applications of this element in various technological fields and to the well known adverse effects to biological systems. Use of high sensitivity radioanalytical techniques allows study of uptake, distribution and speciation. Cross sections of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on lead were measured up to 40 MeV using the standard stacked foil irradiation technique and high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. Experimental cross sections and derived integral yields are reported for the natPb(d,xn)203,204,205,206,207Bi, natPb(d,x)203Pb202Tl reactions. Only one set of experimental cross section data was found in the literature. The experimental data are analyzed and compared with the results of the theoretical model code ALICE-IPPE and with the experimental integral yield reported in the literature.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
F. Ditrói
,
F. Tárkányi
,
S. Takács
,
I. Mahunka
,
J. Csikai
,
A. Hermanne
,
M. Uddin
,
M. Hagiwara
,
M. Baba
,
T. Ido
,
Yu. Shubin
, and
A. Dityuk

Abstract  

Excitation functions of proton induced reactions on Pd are important for medical radioisotope production, for activation analysis, for development of low activation materials and other purposes. No experimental data exist in the literature for low and medium energy range protons. A detailed study of the excitation functions was performed up to 80 MeV proton energy by using the stacked foil irradiation technique and gamma-ray spectrometry. The irradiations were carried out at the external beam lines of the AVF cyclotron at the Tohoku University. Japan (80 and 70 MeV) and the CGR 560 cyclotron at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (38, 29 and 17 MeV). The beam intensity, the incident energy and the energy degradation were controlled by a method based on flux constancy via normalization to the parallel measured excitation functions of natAl(p,x)22,24Na and natCu(p,x)56,58Co, 62,65Zn monitor reactions. Excitation functions for direct and cumulative cross sections have been measured for the production of 105mg,106m,110mAg, 101Pd, 101mRh and 97Ru radionuclei. Calculations for the excitation functions using the Alice-IPPE code were performed with a view to estimate the weight of the different contributing reactions and to check the trend and the magnitude of the obtained experimental data.

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