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Researchers of the MÉTA program have a strong demand to perform flexible and effective queries for further analyses of the database. Structured query language was applied and a web-based application was developed to facilitate understanding of database structure and content in detail, to help develop, store and annotate of SQL query statements, to help reuse of them, to facilitate save and download resulted data sets to the authorised users through the internet. A brief description of the MÉTA SQL Expert Interface and Access Service is given here, and several commented query examples demonstrate the easy and effective usage of the service.

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Due to the global land use and climate change, endangerment of natural vegetation is increasing. That is why the threatening factors were documented in details during the MÉTA mapping. We have documented the impacts of water management, land use (management of woodlands and grasslands), the invasive species, urbanisation, habitat fragmentation and the neighbourhood, as well. In the present article (1) we evaluate the actual state of the habitats by the 28 threat types documented during the MÉTA mapping; (2) we introduce 12 newly developed indicators, which were applied for the semi-quantitative comparison of the overall degree of endangerment of the Hungarian habitats.Based on the summarisation of our results the most seriously endangered habitats in Hungary are as follows: sand and loess steppe oak woodlands (M2, M4, L2x), tussock sedge communities (B4), extensive orchards (P7), closed lowland oak woodlands (L5, L6), water-fringing and fen tall herb communities (D5), wooded pastures (P45), vegetation of loess cliffs (I2), rich fens and Molinia meadows (D1, D2), Cynosurion grasslands and Nardus swards (E34), swamp woodlands (J2), xero-mesophilous grasslands (H4) and salt steppe oak woodlands (M3).The least endangered types are the rocky habitats (I4, LY3, H1, G2, M7), certain halophytic (F1a, F5, F1b, F2, B6) and aquatic habitats (A23, A3a, A1), open acidophilous woodlands (L4b), dry shrub vegetation with Crataegus and Prunus spinosa (P2b) and the beech woodlands (K5).

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Thermolysis of complex cyanides, XV

Decomposition of [Fe(CN)4 BIPY]n− and [Fe(CN)4 PHEN]n− complexes

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Horváth, B. Mohai, and F. Miko

The thermal decompositions of K2[Fe(CN)4 L]·4 H2O, H2[Fe(CN)4 L] and H[Fe(CN)L](L=1,1′-bipyridine, of 1,10-phenanthroline) were studied. The experimental results showed that the protonated ferrous complexes decompose with formation of HCN at lower temperature than the corresponding potassium salts. The decomposition of K2[Fe(CN)4 L] starts by removal of the ligand L. HCN elimination is followed by a redox reaction with formation of cyanogen in the case of H[FeIII(CN)4 L].

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Proprioception plays an essential role in motor control and in psychological functioning: it is the basis of body schema and the feeling of body ownership. There are individual differences in the processing accuracy of proprioceptive stimuli. Although proprioceptive acuity plays an important role in physical competence, there are contradictory findings concerning the role it plays in healthy psychological functioning. This study aims to shed more light on this association.

Material and methods

Sixty-eight young adults participated in this study. We estimated proprioceptive acuity by the reposition accuracy of elbow joint positions. We tested both dominant and non-dominant hands with two different versions of Joint Position Reproduction Test. Perceived physical competence, body awareness, and affectivity were assessed using questionnaires (Physical Competence scale of Body Consciousness Questionnaire, Somatic Absorption Scale, and Positive and Negative Affectivity Schedule, respectively).


No significant association between proprioceptive acuity and body awareness, perceived body competence, and positive and negative affect was found.


Proprioceptive acuity, measured in the elbow joint, does not play a substantial role in body awareness, perceived body competence, and affect.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Á. Horváth, P. Sántha, V. Horváth, Nóra Török, I. Nagy, G. Jancsó, Cs. Vágvölgyi, and F. Somogyvári

A new, rapid method is described which permits the genotyping of genetically modified animals from a microlitre volume of whole blood samples via one step polymerase chain reaction amplification. The major advantage of the presented method is the exclusion of a DNA preparation step, which significantly reduces the time expenditure and work load of the genetic testing. Pilot studies indicate, that this method is efficient and applicable also on tissue biopsies and larger amount of blood providing a rapid and reliable new technique over conventional genotyping approaches.

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The western corn rootworm (WCR), Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, is a new pest of corn in Europe. Future management may include the use of natural enemies. Our study focused on the deter­mi­na­tion of density and species composition of spiders in corn fields, as well as in the adjacent corn field margins, during the peak flight period of WCR adults. An additional objective was to test different sampling methods, used for spider collecting, in corn fields and in adjacent corn field margins. The field study was conducted in July and August, 1999, in experimental corn plots, as well as in the adjacent field margins, owned by the Cereal Research Institute, Szeged, in Southern Hungary. Spiders were collected by individual plant search and by sweep nets. Number of spiders /m2 was significantly higher, whereas /m3 was significantly lower in the corn plots compared to the adjacent field margins. Remnants of WCR adults were found in theridiid [Theridion impressum L. Koch, T. pictum (Walckenaer), Enoplognatha latimana Hippa and Oksala] and agelenid (Agelena sp.) webs. We observed that individuals of both families were able to kill 1-5 adult beetles within 90 minutes.

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In addition to the original equipment, a new measuring set has been constructed for observing the atmospheric electric potential gradient (PG) at Nagycenk station. The study describes this new set and reports on PG variations derived from data obtained by the two simultaneous measurements. Both runs of the mean diurnal variations determined on the basis of the two data sets are quite similar, as well as they resemble the appropriate diurnal variation derived from earlier Nagycenk data, or fairly the `Carnegie Curve'. Nevertheless, the measured PG level is somewhat higher in the case of the new equipment (PG 2) than that measured with the original set (PG 1). This is also true in the case of single days diurnal variations, however, the daily runs derived from the individual measurements are hardly different. Whichever of the two data sets is applied, the PG's seasonal (annual) variation shows a distinct maximum in winter, even if this maximum is again higher for PG 2 than that for PG 1. Certain ideas on this behaviour are also suggested by the study

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Due to its nearly 1.5 million ha extension and the aimed fine mapping resolution, classical vegetation mapping was not suitable method to prepare the habitat map of Duna-Tisza köze region (Hungary). We developed a novel mapping method. By this method the actual status of more than 12,000 patches of semi-natural vegetation was recorded, documented previously as grasslands, wetlands, open forests and grasslands with scattered trees and shrubs in the middle of the 1980s. A digital layer of 272,387 ha at 1 : 25,000 resolution was created as the background of the analysis. Vegetation type was classified at 46,930 points in the mapping area. The collaboration of 59 colleagues resulted in the development of the digital geographical database of the study area (D-TMap GIS Point database). One-third of the data relies on field data, while the other two-thirds on satellite interpretation. Landscape pattern and the accuracy of the statistical data of the habitats, generated from the point database, are improved by the polygonised version of the point database (D-TMap GIS Polygon database). In this paper we show how the GIS Point database was generated, and summarise the ecological content, availability, and limitation of the derived point and polygon based actual habitat maps. Analysis of the database and the landscape scale pattern of the habitats are discussed in a further paper.

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