Fixation of137Cs,144Ce,60Co,90Sr,240Th and233U from aqueous and phosphate media on bentonite clay was studied. The fixation of the radioactive ions on bentonite surfaces
was dependent on the pH behavior of the metal ions. A method was proposed to use bentonite as an absorbent of ions from simulated
radioactive waste as a treatment step.
Emulsion liquid membranes (ELM) with di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid in n-alkane, and dipicrylamine and cobalt(III) dicarbollide in nitrobenzene stabilized in double emulsions by SPAN 80/85 surfactant were used for preconcentration of radioactive fission products (137Cs,90Sr,139Ce, and152Eu) from slightly acidic nitrate solutions. The efficiency of sulfuric, phosphotungstic and silicotungstic acids as stripping agents, and picric acid as the bulky anion additive was investigated. A group separation of the fission products is possible by the ELM technique and can be considered for their removal from waste water solutions.
A simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt, nickel and copper with desferrioxamine-B (desferal) is described. The sensitivity of the colour reactions of cobalt, nickel and copper is increased by introducing desferal. The pH range for the formation of Co II, Ni II or Cu II-desferal. Chelates is 4.5–8.5, 5.5–9, and 6.5–9.5, respectively. The molar absorptivities of the chelates are 1.2·105, 5.6·104 and 4.8·104 at 545 nm, 390 nm and 680 nm, respectively. Beer's law is obeyed up to 10 g/ml of metal ion. The effect of desferal concentration, pH, standing time and interfering ions are discussed. The method was applied to the determination of trace amounts of cobalt, nickel and copper in steel and simulated radioactive wastes.
Neutral aqueous solutions of Nickel II-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) were irradiated using -rays both in the presence and in the absence of oxygen. A radiolytic mechanism has been proposed and discussed. It has been suggested that the radiolytic degradation of the ligand is due to the formation of OH* during radiolysis.