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  • Author or Editor: Faisal Alshail x
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Objective

The aim of the present short-term follow-up study was to assess the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) with and without adjunct use of an essential-oil-based mouthwash (EOBM) on whole salivary interleukin (IL)-1beta (β) levels in patients with periodontal disease.

Methods

Ninety individuals with periodontal disease were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of an EOBM twice daily for 30 days. Patients in group 2 underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of water twice daily for 30 days. Whole saliva samples were collected, and IL-1β levels were measured at baseline and after 60 days of treatment. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results

At baseline, whole salivary IL-1β levels were comparable among patients in groups 1 (135.6 ± 13.5 μg/mL) and 2 (141.2 ± 5.4 μg/mL). After 60 days of follow-up, there is a significant decrease in whole salivary IL-1β levels among patients in group 1 (10.2 ± 6.4 μg/mL) as compared to those in group 2 (56.6 ± 10.2 μg/mL) (P < 0.01).

Conclusion

SRP, when performed with adjunct use of an EOBM, is more effective in reducing whole salivary IL-1β levels as compared to when SRP is performed without the use of an EOBM.

Open access

Objective: The aim of the present short-term follow-up study was to compare the efects of an essential oil (EO)-based oral rinse and chlorhexidine as adjuncts to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of periodontal inflammation. Methods: In Group-1, SRP was performed and participants were instructed to rinse with EO-based oral rinse; in Group-2, SRP was performed and participants were instructed to rinse with chlorhexidine; and in Group-3, SRP was performed and participants were instructed to rinse with water. Periodontal parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding-on-probing [BOP], and probing pocket depth [PPD] ≥ 4 mm) were assessed at baseline and after 7 and 30 days. Results: In all groups, periodontal parameters (PI, BOP, and PPD ≥ 4 mm) were comparable at baseline. In Groups-1 and -2, there was a significant reduction in PI (P < 0.01), BOP (P < 0.01), and PD ≥ 4 mm after 7 days and 30 days of follow-up than baseline. In Group-3, there was a significant reduction in PI (P < 0.01) and BOP (P < 0.01) after 7 days of follow-up compared to baseline. There was no diference in periodontal parameters after 7 days and 30 days of follow-up in Groups-1 and -2. Conclusion: EO-based oral rinses and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) are acceptable adjuncts to SRP in the treatment of periodontal inflammation.

Open access

Objective

The aim of the present short-term follow-up study was to assess the effects of scaling and root planing (SRP) with or without adjunctive use of an essential-oil-based mouthwash in the treatment of periodontal inflammation in smokers.

Methods

In total, 120 individuals were divided into 2 groups. In Group-1, 60 smokers with periodontal inflammation received SRP alone; and in Grou p-2, 60 smokers with periodontal inflammation received adjunct essential-oil mouthwash therapy. Periodontal parameters (plaque index [PI], bleedingon- probing [BOP], and probing pocket depth [PD] ≥ 4 mm) were assessed at baseline and after 90 days of treatment.

Results

There was no significant difference in periodontal parameters (PI, BOP, and PD ≥ 4 mm) among participants in Group-1 and -2. Participants in both groups showed significant reductions in PI (P < 0.01), BOP (P < 0.01), and PD ≥ 4 mm (P < 0.01) at follow-up compared to base line. At 90 days of follow-up, PI (P < 0.05), BOP (P < 0.05), and PD ≥ 4 mm (P < 0.05) were significantly higher in Group-1 compared to Group-2.

Conclusions

SRP with adjunct essential-oil mouthwash therapy is more effective in the treatment o f periodontal inflammation in smokers as compared to when SRP is performed alone.

Open access