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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Fátima Freire
,
Cícero Aragão
,
Túlio de Lima e Moura
, and
Fernanda Raffin

Abstract  

Rifampicin–Isoniazid mixture is a frequently used product in the treatment of tuberculosis. Rifampicin exhibits polymorphism and exists in two polymorphic forms: the stable form I and the metastable form II. The aim of this work was to evaluate the thermal behavior of the binary mixtures of polymorphs I and II of rifampicin and isoniazid by using DSC. Mixtures of different forms (rifampicin form I and II) showed interaction with isoniazid indicating that the mixtures are less stable compared to the drug alone. Interaction was observed in case of both polymorphs of rifampicin.

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Abstract  

Chlorpropamide ((4-chloro-N-(propylamino)-carbonyl)-benzenesulfonamide) belongs to compounds having sulfonylurea group and is widely used as an oral antidiabetic agent. In this work differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used during pre-formulation of chlorpropamide tablets to determine the drug-excipients compatibility. The DSC curves of chlorpropamide and binary mixtures with excipients (sodium croscarmellose, sodium lauryl sulfate, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate and calcium carbonate) showed that chlorpropamide exhibited interaction with magnesium stearate and sodium lauryl sulfate. The binary mixtures of chlorpropamide–magnesium stearate presented a single endothermic process at 96–108 °C and chlorpropamide–sodium lauryl sulfate showed a wide endotherm at 99–120 °C.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Alaize de Martins
,
A. Craveiro
,
M. Machado
,
Fernanda Raffin
,
T. Moura
,
Cs. Novák
, and
Zsuzsanna Éhen

Abstract  

Inclusion complex between the essential oil of Mentha x villosa Hudson and β-cyclodextrin, with a 1:9 mass/mass oil–β-cyclodextrin ratio was prepared by co-precipitation and kneading methods in a hydroethanolic medium. The GC/MS analysis showed a total volatile content of 99.5% in the Mentha x villosa oil. The characterization of the complex involved the analysis of the original essential oil, the surface and the total extracted oils. Among 28 detected compounds in the original essential oil, 13 are monoterpenes and 10 sesquiterpenes, furthermore, piperitenone-oxide is the major component (35.4%). 12 compounds were totally and 11 partially complexed, 3 have been adsorbed only on the surface of the β-CD and 2 have not been detected neither in the surface oil nor in the complexed oil. A 13.6% encapsulation efficiency was observed, while the total oil and volatiles retention was 15 and 77%, respectively. Non-parametric statistic analysis of the data showed that the profile of the volatiles were not significantly different comparing the original oil and the complexed oil (p>0.04). The results of thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry and XRD analysis have proven the inclusion complex formation between the essential oil and cyclodextrin.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Edilene P. Lavor
,
Fátima Duarte Freire
,
Cícero Flávio S. Aragão
,
Fernanda N. Raffin
, and
Túlio Flávio A. de Lima e Moura

Abstract

Worldwide Brazil is among one of the 22 countries with high rates of tuberculosis placing this disease as a priority for the Government Health Policies in this country. Studies with the main tuberculostatic drugs rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, aiming the development of fixed-dose combination formulations (FDCs) have been performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thermal behavior of these drugs by DSC, TG/DTG, and DTA in order to predict possible physical and chemical interactions between tuberculostatics. DSC and DTA curves suggested incompatibility and/or interactions among drug preparations resulting from new thermal events, as well as the disappearance and shift of the melting point of the drugs. TG/DTG curves of drug mixtures presented different profiles from those observed for the individually tested drugs, supporting the evidence of drug incompatibility and indicating that mixtures are less stable when compared to the drugs alone.

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