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Abstract

In this report we show an unusual case of a giant ascending aortic double chambers pseudoaneurysm eroding the sternum. The patient was an asymptomatic 22-year-old man who underwent CT Angiography with ECG gating and who previously underwent aortic valve replacement.

Open access
Imaging
Authors:
Erica Maffei
,
Francesco Di Pede
,
Elisabetta Barbieri
, and
Filippo Cademartiri

Abstract

A 50-year-old female with palpitations, dyspnoea and slightly dilated left ventricle at echocardiography was referred to Cardiac CT (CCT) for coronary artery assessment. CCT revealed a large fistula from the left main coronary artery to the right atrium, associated with agenesia of the inferior vena cava.

Open access
Imaging
Authors:
Laura Ceriello
,
Antonino Scarinci
,
Cesare Mantini
,
Sabina Gallina
,
Filippo Cademartiri
,
Monica De Gaspari
,
Stefania Rizzo
, and
Fabrizio Ricci

Abstract

A 27-years-old female with multiple autoimmune disorders presented to our cardiology unit for acute chest pain and worsening dyspnoea. Admission blood tests revealed increased serum levels of high-sensitive cardiac troponin, eosinophilic count and C-reactive protein. Laboratory findings, low QRS voltages by ECG, mildly reduced left ventricular systolic function in the context of pseudohypertrophy, mild and diffuse late gadolinium enhancement associated with markedly increased native T1 and T2 mapping levels assessed by echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, raised the suspicion of massive eosinophilic myocarditis, subsequently confirmed by histological examination of endomyocardial biopsy. Prompt initiation of immunosuppressive treatment allowed swift regression of myocardial inflammation and full recovery of left ventricular systolic function within one month. After ruling-out clonal myeloid disorder, lymphocyte-variant and reactive hypereosinophilia, the young lady was eventually diagnosed with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. This case report turns the spotlight on the role and importance of advanced multi-modality cardiovascular imaging for raising clinical suspicion of acute eosinophilic myocarditis, guiding diagnostic work-up and monitoring response to treatment.

Open access
Imaging
Authors:
Cesare Mantini
,
Francesco Corradi
,
Domenico Mastrodicasa
,
Luca Procaccini
,
Marzia Olivieri
,
Fabrizio Ricci
,
Filippo Cademartiri
,
Massimo Caulo
, and
Raffaele De Caterina

Abstract

The pericardial cavity, sinuses, and recesses are frequently depicted on Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance (MR).

We here review the normal human pericardial structures as provided by MR imaging of young, healthy subject and CT scans acquired after iatrogenic coronary dissection. We compared such radiological information with cadaveric axial and sagittal sections of the human body provided by the Visible Human Server (VHS), Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lousanne (EPFL), Switzerland.

Open access