Authors:M Stania, G Juras, K Słomka, D Chmielewska and P Król
Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is a very popular kind of practice in sport, fitness and physiotherapy. This work reviews the current knowledge regarding the use and effectiveness of WBV in the physiotherapy. The discrepancies between different authors’ results are probably due to divergence in WBV training protocols. The paperwork clearly showed that despite its ultimate effects, exercises on a vibration platform are safe, feasible, and well tolerated by patients with different disorders. This narrative review should help physiotherapists verify therapy programs regarding patients’ exposure to WBV.
Authors:Nicole Altvater-Mackensen, Gregor Balicki, Lucie Bestakowa, Bianca Bocatius, Johannes Braun, Lars Brehmer, Verena Brune, Kirstina Eigemeier, Füsun Erdem, Ralf Fritscher, Anne Jacobs, Bernd Klingsporn, Marcin Kosinski, Julia Kuntze, Ju-Ra Lee, Anna Osterhage, Martin Probost, Thorsten Risch, Tobias Schmitt, Wolfgang G. Stock, Anja Sturm, Katrin Weller and Kerstin Werner
Summary We operationalize scientific output in a region by means of the number of articles (as in the SciSearch database) per year and technology output by means of the number of patent applications (as in the database of the European Patent Office) per priority year. All informetric analyses were done using the DIALOG online-system. The main research questions are the following: Which scientific and technological fields or topics are most influent within a region and which institutions or companies are mainly publishing articles or holding patents? Do the distributions of regional science and technology fields and of publishing institutions follow the well-known informetric function? Are there - as it is expected - only few fields and few institutions which dominate the region? Is there a connection between the economic power of a region and the regional publication and patent output? Examples studied in detail are seven German regions: Aachen, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Köln (Cologne), Leipzig - Halle - Dessau, München (Munich), and Stuttgart. Three different indicators were used, science and technology attraction of a region (number of scientific articles and patents), science and technology intensity (articles and patents per 1,000 inhabitants), and science and technology density (articles and patents per 1 billion EURO gross value added). Top region concerning both attraction and intensity is Munich, concerning density it is Aachen.