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Abstract  

The purpose of this work is to study the radiolytic behavior of aqueous solutions of14C-pyruvic acid (oxygen-free). Several parameters were varied such as radiation dose, pH, etc. Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography were used extensively for the analysis of radiolytic products. The more abundant product was dimethyltartaric acid. Other products identified were acetic, lactic, succinic, malonic and tricarballylic acids, acetaldehyde, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen. The yields of these products were influenced by the irradiation dose, concentration of the target compound and pH of the solution.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
G. García-Rosales
,
E. Ordoñez-Regil
,
J. Ramírez Torres
,
J. López Monroy
,
M. Machain-Castillo
, and
L. Longoria-Gándara

Abstract  

This study deals with the characterization of a marine sediments profile from the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico. Ten sediment samples obtained from a core of 18.3 m of length were analysed. Although there have been numerous marine sediments studies carried out in Mexico, more are needed to better understand the sea floor formation. Crystallographic, morphologic, physical, chemical and gamma ray activity analysis were carried out on the samples. The analysis results showed a decrease in organic matter content as a function of sea depth; this value is related to the specific surface area. Some hazardous materials as Cr, Mn, Ni, Sr and Hg were also identified by PIXE in some samples, probably due to anthropogenic activity. The presence of uranium a naturally occurring element was found in all the samples, suggesting a migration through all materials of strata, radioactive elements such as 226Ra, 235U, 212Pb, 214Pb, 228Ac, 208Ti, 214Bi, 228Ac and 40K were detected.

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