Applications of fuzzy set theory to various problems of data processing influenced greatly the analysis of expert opinion results. The authors developed models based on the fuzzy set concept for expert assessments using quantitative and qualitative scales typical in R & D management. The approach is illustrated by the solution of the problem of ranking of the factors influencing practical applications of research results.
This paper deals with a physical-statistical analysis on the information flows in the field of superconductive thin films for 1949 to 1977. The classification of scientific research is done and an attempt is made to determine the correlations between the different types. The dynamics of growth of the number of publications is considered, and changes of researchers' scientific interests concerning the application of various chemical materials and structures in superconductive thin films are studied. The problems of professional mobility are also investigated. Conclusions are drawn on the development of the described field.
The UNESCO International Comparative Study on the Organization and Performance of Research Unists (ICSOPRU) has entered the period of drawing the theoretical and methodological conclusions from and starting the practical application of its results.Based on the experience of the 3 rounds of ICSOPRU, the national team of the Ukrainian SSR has attempted to broaden the scope and methodology of this international project. The main features of our studies are as follows.
The comparative analysis is performed among research units working or intending to work on common research topics.
The complex characteristics determining the level of competence of the research units in achieving their research aims is evaluated by criteria specific to the given problems.
In order to gain the above mentioned results, certain additional material had been included into The National Addendum and the national part of External Evaluations Questionnaire. Some additional software had also been developed.1–3
This paper concentrates on some methodological aspects of this approach and refers also to some problems of more intensive use of science and technology.
In this paper, international team research (ITR) is discussed as an object for measurement, systems analysis, and management. The paper is intended as a contribution to the development of a problem orientation in scientometrics. In the authors' view, scientometric studies can help solve the problem of efficient ITR in several ways-for instance, by identifying needed improvements in (a) international scientific communication in general, (b) scientific interactions within and among research teams as part of the creative process, and (c) the overall international usage of existing scientific knowledge. The paper discusses the machinery of ITR, models of scientific communication, and some original experience in using computers and telecommunications as tools for scientific interaction. All of these are potential objects for scientometric investigation. The paper itself performs some first steps in obtaining economic parameters for the different forms of international team research.