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  • Author or Editor: G. Nair x
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Abstract  

The polarographic behavior of uranium(VI)-succinate complexes was studied in 0.5M NaClO4 medium at 30°C at a dropping mercury electrode. It was found that only the doubly charged succinate ion formed the complexes stable enough to be detected. The experimental evidence for this is discussed. The stability constant of uranium(V) (succinate)2 complex was evaluated.

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Abstract  

The synergism of the crown ethers (CE) dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DC18C6), dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB18C6) and 18-crown-6 (18C6) has been investigated in the thenoyl trifluoroacetone (HTTA) extraction of americium(III) in benzene medium from an aqueous phase of ionic strength 0.5 and pH 3.50 at room temperature (23°C). The extracted synergistic species have the general formula Am(TTA)3 · CE except for DC18C6 in which case the species Am(TTA)3·2CE was also observed at high CE concentrations. The order of synergism was found to be DC18C6>DB18C6>18C6, which is the order of the basicity of CE as indicated by their ability to extract hydrogen ions from nitric acid solutions.

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Abstract  

The stability constants of the complexes formed by U/VI/ and Pu/VI/ with succinate ions were determined in 0.5M NaClO4 medium at 30°C following the Bjerrum-Calvin pH titration technique. The stability constants obtained agreed with values reported in literature following the same technique. The values for the second complexes were reported for the first time. U/VI/ complexes were found to have stabilities higher than the corresponding Pu/VI/ complexes in accordance with the acidities of the cations.

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The baya weaver Ploceus philippinus, despite its purely tropical origin and tropical/subtropical distribution, exhibits all features of a typically photoperiodic species. The onset of reproduction in this species is triggered by increasing daylength and breeding is terminated by the development of distinct photorefractory phase. In order to ascertain the involvement of androgens in the development of photorefractoriness the long day response of birds was tested after a prior exposure to varied doses of testosterone. Testosterone treatment accelerated the onset of photorefractoriness as judged from the gonadal status, LH-dependent yellow plumage and testosterone-dependent beak pigmentation. While gonadal development and yellow plumage occurred in the control birds due to the stimulatory long photoperiod, the testosterone administered birds failed to show such developments. These findings indicate that testosterone might impair the higher photoresponding mechanisms resulting in the development of photorefractoriness.

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Abstract  

A potentiometric titration method and a conductometric titration method were standardized for the determination of nitrate in thorium, uranium and plutonium solutions in the range of 2–10 mg, and 15–30 mg, respectively, with a precision and accuracy of 2% in both cases. The results were compared with those of other methods like Devarda's alloy reduction method and volumetric titration method. The procedures standardized have been recommended for the determination of nitrate in heavy element solutions used for the preparation of oxide and mixed oxide microspheres by the sol-gel technique.

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Abstract  

Two isomeric monoamides, dioctyl butyramide (DOBA) and dioctyl isobutyramide (DOIBA) were synthesized for extracting uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) from aqueous nitric acid medium into various diluents such asn-dodecane, tertiary butyl benzene and xylene. DOBA extracted uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) efficiently whereas DOIBA extracted uranium(VI) with negligible extraction for plutonium(IV). Both these cations were extracted as their disolvates. The thermodynamic parameters involved in the extraction determined by the temperature variation method indicated the reactions in all cases to be enthalpy favoured and entropy disfavoured. Possibility of separating micrograms of plutonium(IV) from macroquantities of uranium(VI) using the mixture of these amides was explored.

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Abstract  

The unsymmetrical diamide methylbuthylmalonamide has been synthesized and used in the extraction of U(VI), Pu(IV) and Am(III) in benzene medium. The distribution ratio for the three cations was found to increase with increasing aqueous nitric acid concentration. U(VI) and Pu(IV) were found to be extracted as disolvates while Am(III) as a trisolvate. The thermodynamic parameters determined by the temperature variation method showed the extraction reactions to be mainly enthalpy-controlled. Am(III) was found to be back-extracted with dilute nitric acid, while Pu(IV) by dilute nitric acid-hydrofluoric acid mixture and U(VI) by dilute sodium carbonate solution.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) was carried out with two isomeric monoamides, dihexylbutyramide (DHBA) and dihexylisobutyramide (DHIBA) from nitric acid medium, usingn-dodecane as diluent. The possibility of separation of the two metal ions from each other without valency adjustment was attempted. U(VI) was extracted as its disolvate, while Pu(IV) was extracted as its trisolvate. From the variation of distribution ratio with temperature, it was shown that the extraction reaction was enthalpy controlled in all the cases.

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Abstract  

The extraction behavior of U(VI) and Pu(IV) with dioctyloctanamide (DOOA), dioctylethylhexanamide (DOEHA) and diisobutylethylhexanamide (DIBEHA) was investigated from nitric acid medium. With DOOA, U(VI) extraction is higher than that for Pu(IV) upto 5M HNO3 and the trend is reversed at higher acid concentrations. Extraction yield of U(VI) is higher than that for Pu(IV) in the case of DOEHA and DIBEHA. DIBEHA extraction of Pu(IV) is found to be very small. The lower value of the distribution ratio for Pu(IV) with branched amides was attributed to steric reasons. The possibility of using these amides for separation of U(VI) and Pu(IV) without valency adjustment was explored. Both U(VI) and Pu(IV) are extracted as their disolvates by DOOA and DOEHA.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) and plutonium(IV) from nitric acid into n-dodecane was studied using two isomeric branched alkyl amides, di(2-ethyl hexyl) butyramide (DEHBA) and di(2-ethyl hexyl) isobutyramide (DEHIBA). The extraction ratios of Pu(IV) at relatively high acidities were higher than the corresponding values for U(VI) in the case of DEHBA. However, with DEHIBA the values for Pu(IV) were negligibly small. Pu(IV) was found to be extracted as trisolvate by DEHBA and as disolvate by DEHIBA. U(VI) was extracted by both the amides. From the study of the extraction reactions at different temperatures, it was shown that all the reactions in the present investigation were enthalpy favoured and entropy disfavoured. Separation of Pu(IV) from bulk of U(VI) was feasible. However, the purity of the separated plutonium was not satisfactory in batch extraction studies.

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