Constituing of the Carpathian Linguistics (= CL) dates back to the second half of the 20th century. Being a new trend in the areal and typological linguistics, the CL allows to describe and interpret the results of the long-existing contacts and interference of the languages (dialects) within a genetically heterogeneous Space of the Carpathian zone and the neighbouring regions, primarily the Balkans. Due to this fact, the CL always considers the scientific data obtained in the Balkan zone when analysing the dialectological manifestations.The CL emerged inside the Slavic science, and scholars' attention was always drawn to studying the dialectal elements borrowed from the Rumanian, Hungarian, other languages. Prof. S. Bernstein was the first one who identified the goals of the CL in 1960s-1970s. These goals included: 1) dialectological research of the Carpathian zone as a whole; 2) the Carpathian toponymy research; 3) attention to the theoretical aspects and issues of the CL; etc. Nowadays, the first of the above-mentioned goals has been achieved, and as a result the international team of scolars has created “The Atlas of the Carpathian Dialects” (= ACD) that might be described as a polylingual, heterofamilial, regional Atlas. The ACD materials allows to conduct various research, such as: identifying how the individual dialects of the area contribute to forming its unified base of lexical, semantical units; or - studying specific features of the development of the Carpathian dialects in the zone - and similar issues.