Authors:L. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Wang, Z. Fang, and G. Qiu
The principle for the electro-generative simultaneous leaching (EGSL) is applied to simultaneous leaching of pyrite-MnO2 in this paper. A galvanic system for the bio-electro-generative simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) has been set up. The equation
of electric quantity vs. time is used to study the effect of produced sulfur on electro-generative efficiency and quantity. It has been shown that
the resistance decreased in the presence of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (A. thiooxidans) with the increase of electro-generative efficiency. The effects of temperature and grain size on rate of ferrous extraction
from pyrite under the conditions of presence and absence of A. thiooxidans were studied, respectively. The changes in the extraction rate of Fe2+ as particle size in presence of A. thiooxidans were more evident than that in the absence, which indicated that the extraction in bio-electro-generative leaching was affected
by particle size remarkably. Around the optimum culture temperature for A. thiooxidans, the bigger change in the conversion rate of Fe2+ was depending on temperature. The transferred charge in BEGSL including part of S0 to sulfate group in the presence of (A. thiooxidans) which is called as biologic electric quantity, and the ratio of biologic electric quantity reached to 58.10% in 72 h among
the all-transferred charge.
Authors:X. Qiu, L. Lv, G. Li, W. Han, X. Wang, and L. Li
Vibration spectral properties and dehydration behaviors of goethite nanorods with diameters ranging from 13 to 32 nm were
investigated using infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray diffraction. All goethite nanorods were highly
hydrated with physisorbed and chemisorbed water. As the diameters of goethite nanorods increased, the hydroxyl deformation
vibration in the a-b plane showed a significant blue shift, while the Fe-O vibration in the a-b plane shifted to lower frequencies, indicating an enhancement of O-H bond and the ionicity of Fe-O in a-b plane. The hydrated goethite nanorods are also proved to be useful in environmental remedy because of their excellent removal
ability of heavy metal ions.
Authors:S. Wang, L. Xiao, Y. Li, Z. Fang, G. Qiu, and J. Li
A dual cell system was used to study the electrogenerative leaching sphalerite-MnO2 under the conditions of presence and absence of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans). The polarization of anode and cathode, and the relationship between the electric quantity (Q) and some factors, such as the dissolved Zn2+, Fe2+, the time in the bio-electro-generating simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) and electro-generating simultaneous leaching (EGSL),
The results show that the dissolved Zn2+ in the presence of A. ferrooxidans is nearly 60% higher than that in the absence of A. ferrooxidans; the electrogenerative quantity in the former is about 134% more than that in the latter. A three-electrode system was applied
to study anodic and cathodic self-corrosion current, which was inappreciable compared with the galvanic current between sphalerite
and MnO2. The accumulated sulfur on the surface of sulfides produced in the electrogenerative leaching process could be oxidized in
the presence of A. ferrooxidans, and the ratio of biological electric quantity reached to 31.72% in 72 h.
Authors:D. Jiang, X. Li, Z. Qiu, R. Lu, Y. Li, and G. Zhang
Nuclear microprobe was used to measure single aerosol particles (SAPs) indoors from Shanghai. Every particle is characterized
with its micro-PIXE spectrum, which can be considered as the fingerprint of the SAPs. The pattern recognition technique (PR)
was applied to trace the SAPs back to their source. Results of five monitor homes at different locations in Shanghai show
that most of the measured indoor aerosol particles are derived from soil dust, cement dust, vehicle exhaust, coal boilers
and steel mill dust.