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Abstract  

A set of 35 uranium ore and 10 yellow cake samples, collected worldwide from different mines and production sites, were analyzed for their impurity spectrum by ICP-MS. Pattern recognition techniques such as cluster analysis were applied to the data set in order to characterize samples with relation to their geographical origin. The results obtained show a clear relationship between samples taken from the same geological origin and constitute a satisfactory fingerprint for establishing the origin of the material. In addition to the impurity data, data on the isotopic composition of radiogenic lead is used to resolve ambiguity when impurity cluster analysis fails to deliver unambiguous origin data.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Berlizov, I. Malyuk, A. Sajeniouk, V. Tryshyn, V. Petrov, A. Savin, S. Abousahl, G. Rasmussen, I. Sadikov, and F. Tashimova

Abstract  

A gamma-spectrometric and radiochemical analysis was carried out of a material (Zr-2.5% Nb alloy) of technological channels (TC) of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) power unit No. 2 RBMK-1000 reactor, being under the beginning stage of decommissioning. Activities of 90Sr, 137Cs, 238Pu, 239+240Pu, 241Am and 244Cm were determined. It was established that the main source of the revealed actinides and fission products was an impurity of natural thorium and uranium in TC source material on the level of several tenths of ppm. Impurity analysis of TC source material was performed by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Fission product and transuranium element activities measured were compared with the results of prognostic calculations performed with the help of the NAAPRO code.

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