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Abstract  

A sensitive, rapid and selective method for the determination of237Np in urine is described. Neptunium(IV) is isolated by batch-extraction with a slurry of Microthene-710 (microporous polyethylene) supporting a cyclohexane solution of tri-n-octylphosphine oxide, the slurry is transferred into a column and neptunium eluted by oxidation to Np(V) with a mixture of HCl+Cl2. After electroplating on a stainless steel disc, neptunium is counted with a solid-state alpha-detector. The final recovery is 83.2%; the decontamination factors are sufficiently high and the sensitivity limit is suitable for radiotoxicological purposes.

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Abstract  

Dimethyl ether is an important chemical material and it has many engineering applications. It is a clean and economical alternative fuel and an ozone-friendly refrigerant. In this work, its PVT properties have been object of study. In particular, the experimental work was performed both in the two-phase region and in the superheated vapor region phase by means of the isochoric method. The isochoric measurements were carried out at temperatures from 219 K to 363 K and at pressures from 22 kPa up to 1,740 kPa. A total of 159 points, both in the two phase (71 points) and in the superheated vapor region (88 points) were obtained. The present experimental PVT data contribute to the deeper knowledge of the behaviour of the fluid both in the superheated vapour and in the saturation pressure region and to the development of a new equation of state.

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Alternative biofuels

PVTx measurements for DME + propane

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
A. Arteconi
,
G. Di Nicola
,
M. Moglie
,
G. Santori
, and
R. Stryjek

Abstract  

This study presents the experimental results for the dimethyl ether (DME) + propane system obtained using the Burnett method. The apparatus was calibrated using helium. PVTx measurements were taken for four isotherms (344, 354, 364, and 375 K), performing 16 Burnett expansions in pressures ranging from about 3,000 to 70 kPa. The second and third virial coefficients were derived from experimental results. The experimental uncertainty in the second and third virial coefficients was estimated to be within ±5 cm3/mol and ±1,000 cm6/mol2, respectively.

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Abstract

A recently built experimental setup was employed for the estimation of the solid–liquid equilibria of alternative refrigerants systems. The behavior of dimethyl ether (DME) + carbon dioxide was measured down to temperatures of 131.6 K. To confirm the reliability of the apparatus, the triple point of the DME was measured. The triple point data measured revealed a good consistency with the literature. The results obtained for the mixtures were corrected by the Rossini method and interpreted by means of the Schröder equation.

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